Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic decision. A basic distinction is made between centralized and decentralized locations, which can have different effects on logistics costs (see also…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that originates exclusively from machines, robots and cyber-physical systems. The research area AI tries to understand, emulate and mimic human perception and action. According to the field…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that emanates exclusively from machines or robots and cyber-physical systems. The research area AI tries to understand and emulate human perception and human action. According to research,…

Out-of-Stock – the gap in the shelf

Out-of-stock typically refers to a shelf space in the stationary retail trade which no longer contains the intended article. The delimitation to the concept of shortage is that out-of-stocks (OOS) is exclusively the direct relationship between the…

The production cycle

In a broader sense, a production cycle is the production process that begins with the raw materials and ends with the finished product. In a narrower and above all in a business context, the cycle describes the length of time a product remains or is…

Inventory in companies and in logistics

In the inventory, the assets of a company are determined on a key date; in this way, assets and liabilities are specifically documented. Such an inventory is a prerequisite for correct bookkeeping and accounting.

Insulated packaging: Maintaining the cold chain in the supply chain

Insulated packaging is used for products that are sensitive to temperature or environmental influences (see Temperature-controlled logistics). As a rule, they primarily ensure continuous compliance with the requirements of the cold chain within the…

Uses of Blockchain technology in logistics / intralogistics

Blockchain is an enabling technology. Just like the Internet, it harbors technological properties that can be used in a variety of ways and whose future uses and applications are not yet definite. At its core, a blockchain is a list of data records…

Storage maintenance costs – warehousing costs or storage costs

Trading companies and manufacturing companies usually have a warehouse or distribution centre. Raw materials and supplies, intermediate products, semi-finished products, finished products and spare parts are stored there. The storage of these goods…

The Jidoka principle in production and logistics

The Jidoka principle describes the ability of a machine, a plant or an entire system to switch itself off in case of errors, quality and production problems. Jidoka forms the second supporting pillar in the Toyota Production System (TPS) alongside…

Point of sale systems, warehouse management and branch logistics

A cash register system, also known as a POS system, is software that documents a specific financial transaction of an inventory or a good. In general, the POS system describes the entirety of all clients (hardware) and associated software used that…

Set-up time in production and intralogistics

If a machine or a production site, i.e. individual facilities or entire production lines, is set up for a special processing operation and equipped with the necessary tools, the duration of this changeover is referred to as set-up time. Usually, the…

Cyber-physical systems and logistics

Cyber-physical systems, or CPS for short, are system units or components that are linked together by means of software, electronics and mechanics, the so-called cyber-physical infrastructure. The technologies from the 'Internet of Things' (IoT) and…

Logistics management and the supply chain

The integrated planning, organization, management, processing and control of the entire flow of materials and goods and the corresponding information flow is called logistics management. This is not a tangible work step, but rather countless process…

Vogel’s approximation method

The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in distribution logistics, for example to solve a transport problem. It belongs to the field of mathematically oriented statistics, also called operations…

The screw conveyor / spiral conveyor for bulk material

Transport systems are needed in warehouses to transport goods. For this purpose, there are various possibilities for different requirements in conveyor technology. In addition to roller, vibratory and circular conveyors, screw conveyors (also known…

Opportunity costs in logistics

Opportunity costs, also known as alternative costs or foregone costs, express a foregone benefit in costs on the basis of decisions that have a negative impact and enable an approximately accurate cost calculation. The degree of utilization always…

CPFR – Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment

CPFR stands for Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment and is a further development of Efficient Consumer Response (ECR), known from supply chain management. CPFR requires that all information along the value chain is brought together…

Networked Production: Computer-integrated Manufacturing

Computer-integrated manufacturing, or CIM for short, stands for computer-controlled machine and automation systems, which are generally used in the manufacture of products. CIM uses different technologies and their technical functions such as…

The picking time in intralogistics

The picking process itself and the associated picking time are usually a conglomerate of personnel- and cost-intensive processes, whose complexity depends on the business processes of the company. The picking time is the time required to complete a…

Picking method Pick-by-robot

The picking type Pick-by-Robot means the picking of goods, carried out by so-called perception-controlled logistics robots - without human intervention. Perception-controlled logistics robots are a further development of autonomous systems that…

Multicopter: Drones as parcel carriers of the future

Goods delivery by automated or even autonomous drones? What we know at best as a vision from science fiction films could soon become everyday life. At least when it comes to Amazon, UPS, Mercedes Benz and DHL. What are the challenges, what is…

Picking type Pick-by-Scan (also Pick-by-PDT)

The picking method Pick-by-Scan is a paperless picking process that is supported by a portable data collection terminal, PDT for short. The PDT replaces the classic picking list in paper form. Mobile handheld computers with integrated 1D or 2D…

Human-machine interfaces in the industry

The human-machine interface represents the analog or digital interaction interface between a person, i.e. a user, and a machine. It is a part of human-machine communication (also human-machine interaction). In its simplest form, this interface can…

Kanban and swarm intelligence at management level

In manufacturing and industry, a supply concept called Kanban(Japanese for card or sign), invented and developed by Taichi Ohno in the Toyota factories of the 1950s, has established itself worldwide. Like the swarm intelligence, the Kanban principle…

The picking method Pick-by-Vision

Pick-by-Vision is a picking process in which a picker uses data glasses and context-related information to compile articles or goods for customer or production orders. The data glasses, also known as smart glasses, not only continuously supply the…

Product Lifecycle Management (PLM)

The term Product Lifecycle Management, PLM for short, describes a holistic approach to pooling product information. It is a kind of cross-company management and control of the information flow of a product along the entire value chain. The industry…

The control center in intralogistics

The control panel in intralogistics represents a central point of a warehouse management system and supports the employees responsible in the entire warehouse operation control process. In addition to the consolidation of information (key figures),…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise management, which contributes to the overall efficiency of the material flow if it is integrated as well as possible into the existing warehouse management…

Augmented Reality in logistics and service

Augmented Reality (AR) describes the computer-aided extension of human perception of reality. From the users point of view, the real and virtual worlds merge with each other. The advantage: Through the use of cameras, sensors and high-resolution…

Production, dispatch and intralogistics: the rush order

A rush order is an order - in production, shipping or in intralogistics - which for various reasons…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution.…

Two-dimensional codes: stacked codes, matrix codes, QR code, DataMatrix code

The one-dimensional bar code is commonly used to label goods and services. However, since the data…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that originates exclusively from…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that emanates exclusively from machines…

Out-of-Stock – the gap in the shelf

Out-of-stock typically refers to a shelf space in the stationary retail trade which no longer…

The production cycle

In a broader sense, a production cycle is the production process that begins with the raw materials…

Inventory in companies and in logistics

In the inventory, the assets of a company are determined on a key date; in this way, assets and…

Insulated packaging: Maintaining the cold chain in the supply chain

Insulated packaging is used for products that are sensitive to temperature or environmental…

Uses of Blockchain technology in logistics / intralogistics

Blockchain is an enabling technology. Just like the Internet, it harbors technological properties…

Storage maintenance costs – warehousing costs or storage costs

Trading companies and manufacturing companies usually have a warehouse or distribution centre. Raw…

The Jidoka principle in production and logistics

The Jidoka principle describes the ability of a machine, a plant or an entire system to switch…

Point of sale systems, warehouse management and branch logistics

A cash register system, also known as a POS system, is software that documents a specific financial…

Cyber-physical systems and logistics

Cyber-physical systems, or CPS for short, are system units or components that are linked together…

Vogel’s approximation method

The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in…

The screw conveyor / spiral conveyor for bulk material

Transport systems are needed in warehouses to transport goods. For this purpose, there are various…

Opportunity costs, especially in intralogistics, are a popular means of identifying capacities in advance.

Opportunity costs in logistics

Opportunity costs, also known as alternative costs or foregone costs, express a foregone benefit in…

Networked Production: Computer-integrated Manufacturing

Computer-integrated manufacturing, or CIM for short, stands for computer-controlled machine and…

The picking time in intralogistics

The picking process itself and the associated picking time are usually a conglomerate of personnel-…

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