Definition – tugger train and tugger train systems

Tugger trains are means of transport that are used in intralogistics processes, primarily in manufacturing companies. Other common terms include logistics trains or tugger train systems. Like other industrial trucks, they are used for the internal…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains - mostly in so-called fragmented supply chains. It can be localised thanks to fluctuations in production planning and logistics planning (price…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks of a certain article within a particular article within a certain time. The range of storage indicates how long a stock will last to fulfil existing…

Out-of-Stock – the gap in the shelf

Out-of-stock typically refers to a shelf space in the stationary retail trade which no longer contains the intended article. The delimitation to the concept of shortage is that out-of-stocks (OOS) is exclusively the direct relationship between the…

The production cycle

In a broader sense, a production cycle is the production process that begins with the raw materials and ends with the finished product. In a narrower and above all in a business context, the cycle describes the length of time a product remains or is…

Point of sale systems, warehouse management and branch logistics

A cash register system, also known as a POS system, is software that documents a specific financial transaction of an inventory or a good. In general, the POS system describes the entirety of all clients (hardware) and associated software used that…

Vogel’s approximation method

The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in distribution logistics, for example to solve a transport problem. It belongs to the field of mathematically oriented statistics, also called operations…

CPFR – Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment

CPFR stands for Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment and is a further development of Efficient Consumer Response (ECR), known from supply chain management. CPFR requires that all information along the value chain is brought together…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise management, which contributes to the overall efficiency of the material flow if it is integrated as well as possible into the existing warehouse management…

Order picking – process steps

Picking stands for the combination of predefined orders from a warehouse assortment. The process steps that are carried out during picking include, for example, transferring the picking order and retrieving the article. These are individual basic…

The picking travel time

The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch; measured from the starting point of picking via the picking locations to the delivery point - depending on the picking method, including the way back to…

Functions of the warehouse

When considering the functions of a warehouse, the purpose of the warehouse arrangement is in the foreground. The definition is made up of the subitems security and staging function, clearing function, production function, and speculative function.…

What can logistics accomplish?

In recent decades, the term "logistics" has developed into a general term. This is a good thing. But what is not so positive is that "logistics" - especially in the media - is often misused and misapplied in some companies for all kinds of…

The degree of utilisation/the capacity utilisation

The degree of capacity utilisation describes the proportion of the capacity used by resources/operating resources (plant, machinery, employees, energy) measured against the total available capacity - always in relation to the completion of a work…

Storage capacity/storage economy

Storage capacity is defined as the maximum number of loading units that a warehouse can hold. It also represents the actual capacity of a warehouse. It directly relates to the size of the storage area, the height of the warehouse (usable space), the…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market is continuously guaranteed despite market fluctuations. This avoids transport and idle times and distributes the time needed for materials over the…

Assortment width and assortment depth

The assortment available in a warehouse and in the retail trade is subdivided into the assortment dimensions assortment width and assortment depth. The assortment width describes the range of different merchandise, the assortment depth the variety…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored, transferred and retrieved. The storage, transfer and retrieval performance of a storage system depends on the following factors of the storage equipment…

Definition – Transshipment logistics

Goods handling is a function of intralogistics and takes place between the external goods flow and the internal material flow. The cargo of a means of transport is loaded onto an internal means of transport or vice versa, i.e. from an internal means…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing and allocating replenishment is one of the tasks of supply chain management. By using a warehouse management system, it can be ensured before starting a…

Overview of common manufacturing principles

Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to forecasts, without specific sales order With other products production only starts after the reception of a sales order. Push and pull systems…

Transport strategies: Overview

Transport strategies are used to execute existing transport orders. Transportation strategies can be used for transportation planning to route the transport units to the appropriate destinations. There are four transport strategies: station…

Cycle time procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand. Depending on which criterion drives the replenishment, either the staging procedure, the reorder point procedure or the cycle time procedure is…

Continuous conveyor / discontinuous conveyor

Both the continuous conveyor and the discontinuous conveyor belong to the conveyor technology category. Both systems are used to transport goods from one place to another. They differ in that the continuous conveyor generates a constant transport…

Reorder point procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on demand. Depending on which criterion drives the replenishment, either the reorder point procedure, the staging procedure or the cycle time procedure is…

Provisioning procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand. Depending on which criterion drives the replenishment, either the staging procedure, the reorder point procedure or the cycle time procedure is…

Kanban system

The Kanban system is a planning system for production control. the Kanban system is often split into material flow and replenishment are controlled starting from the processing location, based on the goods used here. Since it is not possible to act…

Cross-docking

There are different types of handling goods in the shipping area. One of these is called cross-docking and is a form of cross-connection. The most striking characteristic of this type of transhipment is that cross-docking does not involve storage.…

Just-in-time – Definition

"Just-in-time" refers to a type of delivery in which the required goods are delivered on time and in exact quantities in order to keep warehousing at the processing location as low as possible. The decisive difference to just-in-sequence is that the…

Procurement logistics – Just in sequence

"Just in sequence" refers to a type of delivery in which the required goods are delivered to the right place at the right time, in the right quantity and of the right kind and processed immediately. The decisive difference to "just-in-time"…

Overview of goods-to-person picking

Goods-to-person picking (also: goods-to-man picking) describes a picking method in which the provision of inventory is dynamic and automated. In this process, articles are fed directly to the picker by means of materials handling technology. The…

Definition – tugger train and tugger train systems

Tugger trains are means of transport that are used in intralogistics processes, primarily in…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks…

Out-of-Stock – the gap in the shelf

Out-of-stock typically refers to a shelf space in the stationary retail trade which no longer…

The production cycle

In a broader sense, a production cycle is the production process that begins with the raw materials…

Point of sale systems, warehouse management and branch logistics

A cash register system, also known as a POS system, is software that documents a specific financial…

Vogel’s approximation method

The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in…

CPFR – Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment

CPFR stands for Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment and is a further development…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise…

Order picking – process steps

Picking stands for the combination of predefined orders from a warehouse assortment. The process…

The picking travel time

The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch;…

Warehouse functions

Functions of the warehouse

When considering the functions of a warehouse, the purpose of the warehouse arrangement is in the…

What can logistics accomplish?

In recent decades, the term "logistics" has developed into a general term. This is a good thing.…

The degree of utilisation/the capacity utilisation

The degree of capacity utilisation describes the proportion of the capacity used by…

Storage capacity/storage economy

Storage capacity is defined as the maximum number of loading units that a warehouse can hold. It…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market…

Assortment width and assortment depth

The assortment available in a warehouse and in the retail trade is subdivided into the assortment…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored,…

Definition – Transshipment logistics

Goods handling is a function of intralogistics and takes place between the external goods flow and…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing…

Overview of common manufacturing principles

Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to…

Transport strategies: Overview

Transport strategies are used to execute existing transport orders. Transportation strategies can…

Cycle time procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand.…

Continuous conveyor / discontinuous conveyor

Both the continuous conveyor and the discontinuous conveyor belong to the conveyor technology…

Reorder point procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on demand.…

Provisioning procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand.…

Kanban system

The Kanban system is a planning system for production control. the Kanban system is often split…

Cross-docking

There are different types of handling goods in the shipping area. One of these is called…

Just-in-time – Definition

"Just-in-time" refers to a type of delivery in which the required goods are delivered on time and…

Procurement logistics – Just in sequence

"Just in sequence" refers to a type of delivery in which the required goods are delivered to the…

Goods-to-person picking

Overview of goods-to-person picking

Goods-to-person picking (also: goods-to-man picking) describes a picking method in which the…