Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking zones. This usually results in four racking zones, which are named as follows from bottom to top Bending zone Gripping zone Viewing zone Stretch…

Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed simultaneously. Compared to order-oriented, serial picking, this means the following: Larger orders are split before the picking and carried out in different…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover coefficient, expresses how often an average inventory is completely withdrawn and replaced in a given period (usually a financial year). As a key figure, it can…

Storage techniques in intralogistics

Depending on the nature of the stored goods and the frequency of use, different storage techniques are suitable. Different techniques can also be used in one building. Overview - dynamic and static storage systems in intralogistics Storage…

Production, dispatch and intralogistics: the rush order

A rush order is an order - in production, shipping or in intralogistics - which for various reasons has to be fulfilled faster or at shorter notice than its usual throughput time (see also order throughput time). Urgent orders can be placed by the…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is especially suitable for use as an automated small parts storage. The respective storage system dispenses with classic racks; instead, modular containers…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution. In addition to packaging materials, packaging logistics also deals with the corresponding processes and structures of packing and packaging; as a…

Two-dimensional codes: stacked codes, matrix codes, QR code, DataMatrix code

The one-dimensional bar code is commonly used to label goods and services. However, since the data density of such codes is low, applications intended for this purpose use two-dimensional codes (2D codes or 2D barcodes) whose data capacity exceeds…

The picking time in intralogistics

The picking process itself and the associated picking time are usually a conglomerate of personnel- and cost-intensive processes, whose complexity depends on the business processes of the company. The picking time is the time required to complete a…

Picking method Pick-by-robot

The picking type Pick-by-Robot means the picking of goods, carried out by so-called perception-controlled logistics robots - without human intervention. Perception-controlled logistics robots are a further development of autonomous systems that…

Picking type Pick-by-Scan (also Pick-by-PDT)

The picking method Pick-by-Scan is a paperless picking process that is supported by a portable data collection terminal, PDT for short. The PDT replaces the classic picking list in paper form. Mobile handheld computers with integrated 1D or 2D…

Human-machine interfaces in the industry

The human-machine interface represents the analog or digital interaction interface between a person, i.e. a user, and a machine. It is a part of human-machine communication (also human-machine interaction). In its simplest form, this interface can…

The picking method Pick-by-Vision

Pick-by-Vision is a picking process in which a picker uses data glasses and context-related information to compile articles or goods for customer or production orders. The data glasses, also known as smart glasses, not only continuously supply the…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise management, which contributes to the overall efficiency of the material flow if it is integrated as well as possible into the existing warehouse management…

Augmented Reality in logistics and service

Augmented Reality (AR) describes the computer-aided extension of human perception of reality. From the users point of view, the real and virtual worlds merge with each other. The advantage: Through the use of cameras, sensors and high-resolution…

Exoskeletons in logistics and production

Exoskeletons, also known as outer skeletons or support robots, are support structures worn on the body, which reduce the load on the body and reduce the risk of injury by means of (electro-)mechanical support. Exoskeletons are still at an early…

Key figure system in intralogistics

Although a complete bundling of all key figures arising in warehouse and distribution systems is possible nowadays, it is difficult due to the multi-layered nature of complex systems. Using a predefined key figure system, it is possible to compare…

Order picking times – Dead time

Dead time is an unproductive but unavoidable so-called auxiliary time, which arises during picking due to preparatory and follow-up activities (e.g. search and identification of the storage location). It can be optimized by simple measures.

The (hanging) bag sorter

The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems. A (hanging) bag sorter system makes it possible to transport hanging and flat packed goods fully automatically on the same line - even classic…

Order picking – process steps

Picking stands for the combination of predefined orders from a warehouse assortment. The process steps that are carried out during picking include, for example, transferring the picking order and retrieving the article. These are individual basic…

The picking travel time

The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch; measured from the starting point of picking via the picking locations to the delivery point - depending on the picking method, including the way back to…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width, height and depth. It covers two different topological aspects. On the one hand the overall structure of the warehouse and thus the positions of the…

Overview of two-stage picking

In contrast to single-stage picking, with two-stage picking several orders are bundled into one overall order, a so-called commission, article-oriented picking and only later order-oriented packed. The use of a downstream sorting instance allows the…

Ergonomics in the warehouse

Ergonomics in the warehouse aims at the adaptation and creation of workstations which, taking into account the human physique, enable the worker to carry out activities as comfortably as possible. At first glance, the aspect of cost-effectiveness…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and administration of stocks (see also Inventory Management) and storage locations within closed operations (e.g. distribution centers or manufacturing plants). It…

Picking times – base time

In picking, the base time is the time required for picking. It only describes organisational activities before and after each picking process. Picking basically represents the order-related combination of articles from an assortment. However, before…

Order throughput time

When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is completed. For each of these individual processes, the lead time is measured. If you add the lead times of the individual processes, you get the total…

Batch formation in picking

Batch formation during picking, also known as batch picking or multi-order picking, is a form of two-step picking and is used in picking forms such as series-oriented, parallel picking. Requirements from several individual orders are combined in…

Single-stage picking – basics

During picking, a certain quantity of articles is picked from an assortment and put together. Picking in a warehouse can be single-stage or multi-stage. In single-stage picking, the picker always works on an order-related basis as he moves through…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing and allocating replenishment is one of the tasks of supply chain management. By using a warehouse management system, it can be ensured before starting a…

Picking – definition and picking methods

Picking stands for the assembly of goods and merchandise according to specified orders from an available overall assortment. Depending on the customer in question, the order can be compiled on an order-related basis or without an order. These…

Material throughput time

The material throughput time is the time required to run through all business processes, for example, in a warehouse or distribution centre. The calculation of the lead time begins with Goods receipt and ends when the material is made available for…

Time strategies: throughput and delivery time reduction

Besides the just-in-time and just-in-sequence methods, other time strategies can be used to ensure that materials are in a constant flow. A smooth material flow has a positive effect on throughput and delivery times. Cost reducing time strategies…

Cycle time procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand. Depending on which criterion drives the replenishment, either the staging procedure, the reorder point procedure or the cycle time procedure is…

Overview of linear sorter systems

The linear sorter, or shoe sorter, is an automated sorting and distribution system on which the goods are transported and distributed to their designated stations by a sliding mechanism. This sorting and distribution method is a continuous material…

Reorder point procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on demand. Depending on which criterion drives the replenishment, either the reorder point procedure, the staging procedure or the cycle time procedure is…

Provisioning procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand. Depending on which criterion drives the replenishment, either the staging procedure, the reorder point procedure or the cycle time procedure is…

Overview of “Last-in-First-out” and “First-in-First-out” storage strategies

LIFO (last-in-first-out) and FIFO (first-in-first-out) are two different strategies for storing and retrieving goods. What is Last-in-first-out? The last-in-first-out principle describes a storage strategy in which the goods that were put into…

Definition – Automatic small parts warehouse

An "automated small parts warehouse" (AS/RS) is a storage system in which small-volume units such as screws or electronic parts are stored. Small parts warehouses are always automated in comparison to high-bay warehouses. An AS/RS consists of the…

Rack zones – bending zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The lowest rack area is called the bending zone. It reaches an average height of 60 - 80 cm. In the bending zone, goods with low turnover are often…

Rack zones – gripping zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The gripping zone starts at an average height of 60 - 80 cm and reaches up to a height of 1.40 - 1.60 m. Employees can reach the gripping zone without…

Rack zones – viewing zone

A rack can be divided into vertical rack based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The viewing zone starts at an average height of 1.40 - 1.60 m and reaches up to 1.80 m depending on the height. The viewing zone is the storage area at…

Cross-docking

There are different types of handling goods in the shipping area. One of these is called cross-docking and is a form of cross-connection. The most striking characteristic of this type of transhipment is that cross-docking does not involve storage.…

Overview of person-to-goods picking

Person-to-goods picking (also: man-to-goods picking) describes a picking method in which the provision of the inventory takes place statically. In other words, the employee goes to the storage location and takes the required inventory on the spot.…

Overview of goods-to-person picking

Goods-to-person picking (also: goods-to-man picking) describes a picking method in which the provision of inventory is dynamic and automated. In this process, articles are fed directly to the picker by means of materials handling technology. The…

Single-stage order picking – order-oriented, serial picking

With order-oriented, serial picking, order items are successively processed according to orders. Either an order picker passes through all warehouse zones or an order is transferred from an order picker of a certain zone to the next order picker and…

Sorter (Packing) – Process steps

The process steps that are carried out in the course of the (sorter) packing process include order picking dispatching, batch picking, batch buffer reservation, batch buffer and packing process sorter packing. The goals of the packing department are…

Sorter – Packaging

Definition of Packing The packaging is the merging of storage units to form a complete unit. In the fields of production and technology, the term "packing" refers to the division or length division of units. It is also often used as a synonym for…

The manual sort order fulfilment

Manual Sort Order Fulfilment (MSF) is a software-supported, manual sorting system. The basis is a multi-stage picking process, but compared to the use of an automated sorter, the subsequent sorting work is done by humans. The MSF is responsible for…

Single-stage picking without IT system support

Picking without IT system support requires a manageable assortment of articles, which is clearly structured according to product groups. Within a product group, storage by ascending article number ensures fast access. The entire stock of an item is…

Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking…

Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover…

Lagerhallte mit Waren

Storage techniques in intralogistics

Depending on the nature of the stored goods and the frequency of use, different storage techniques…

Production, dispatch and intralogistics: the rush order

A rush order is an order - in production, shipping or in intralogistics - which for various reasons…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution.…

Two-dimensional codes: stacked codes, matrix codes, QR code, DataMatrix code

The one-dimensional bar code is commonly used to label goods and services. However, since the data…

The picking time in intralogistics

The picking process itself and the associated picking time are usually a conglomerate of personnel-…

Picking method Pick-by-robot

The picking type Pick-by-Robot means the picking of goods, carried out by so-called…

Picking type Pick-by-Scan (also Pick-by-PDT)

The picking method Pick-by-Scan is a paperless picking process that is supported by a portable data…

Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstelle

Human-machine interfaces in the industry

The human-machine interface represents the analog or digital interaction interface between a…

The picking method Pick-by-Vision

Pick-by-Vision is a picking process in which a picker uses data glasses and context-related…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise…

Augmented Reality in logistics and service

Augmented Reality (AR) describes the computer-aided extension of human perception of reality. From…

Exoskeletons in logistics and production

Exoskeletons, also known as outer skeletons or support robots, are support structures worn on the…

Key figure system in intralogistics

Although a complete bundling of all key figures arising in warehouse and distribution systems is…

Order picking times – Dead time

Dead time is an unproductive but unavoidable so-called auxiliary time, which arises during picking…

The (hanging) bag sorter

The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems.…

Order picking – process steps

Picking stands for the combination of predefined orders from a warehouse assortment. The process…

The picking travel time

The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch;…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width,…

Overview of two-stage picking

In contrast to single-stage picking, with two-stage picking several orders are bundled into one…

Ergonomics in the warehouse

Ergonomics in the warehouse aims at the adaptation and creation of workstations which, taking into…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and…

Picking times – base time

In picking, the base time is the time required for picking. It only describes organisational…

Order throughput time

When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is…

Batch formation in picking

Batch formation during picking, also known as batch picking or multi-order picking, is a form of…

Single-stage picking – basics

During picking, a certain quantity of articles is picked from an assortment and put together.…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing…

Picking – definition and picking methods

Picking stands for the assembly of goods and merchandise according to specified orders from an…

Material throughput time

The material throughput time is the time required to run through all business processes, for…

Time strategies: throughput and delivery time reduction

Besides the just-in-time and just-in-sequence methods, other time strategies can be used to ensure…

Cycle time procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand.…

Overview of linear sorter systems

The linear sorter, or shoe sorter, is an automated sorting and distribution system on which the…

Reorder point procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on demand.…

Provisioning procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand.…

Overview of “Last-in-First-out” and “First-in-First-out” storage strategies

LIFO (last-in-first-out) and FIFO (first-in-first-out) are two different strategies for storing and…

Definition – Automatic small parts warehouse

An "automated small parts warehouse" (AS/RS) is a storage system in which small-volume units such…

Rack zones – bending zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m).…

Rack zones – gripping zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m).…

Rack zones – viewing zone

A rack can be divided into vertical rack based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m).…

Cross-docking

There are different types of handling goods in the shipping area. One of these is called…

man-to-goods picking

Overview of person-to-goods picking

Person-to-goods picking (also: man-to-goods picking) describes a picking method in which the…

Goods-to-person picking

Overview of goods-to-person picking

Goods-to-person picking (also: goods-to-man picking) describes a picking method in which the…

Single-stage order picking – order-oriented, serial picking

With order-oriented, serial picking, order items are successively processed according to orders.…

Sorter (Packing) – Process steps

The process steps that are carried out in the course of the (sorter) packing process include order…

Sorter – Packaging

Definition of Packing The packaging is the merging of storage units to form a complete unit. In the…

The manual sort order fulfilment

Manual Sort Order Fulfilment (MSF) is a software-supported, manual sorting system. The basis is a…

Single-stage picking without IT system support

Picking without IT system support requires a manageable assortment of articles, which is clearly…