Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking zones. This usually results in four racking zones, which are named as follows from bottom to top Bending zone Gripping zone Viewing zone Stretch…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains - mostly in so-called fragmented supply chains. It can be localised thanks to fluctuations in production planning and logistics planning (price…

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology for the unambiguous and contact-free identification of objects (goods, living beings and states) of any kind. It enables fast and automatic data acquisition using electromagnetic waves with the…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks of a certain article within a particular article within a certain time. The range of storage indicates how long a stock will last to fulfil existing…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover coefficient, expresses how often an average inventory is completely withdrawn and replaced in a given period (usually a financial year). As a key figure, it can…

Allocation strategies for warehouse and picking systems/warehouse operation strategies

In a company, it is vital to set goals before developing strategies and to monitor their consistency and achievability continually. In logistics, there are strategies for planning new systems, implementing them and optimising existing systems during…

Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic decision. A basic distinction is made between centralized and decentralized locations, which can have different effects on logistics costs (see also…

Inventory in companies and in logistics

In the inventory, the assets of a company are determined on a key date; in this way, assets and liabilities are specifically documented. Such an inventory is a prerequisite for correct bookkeeping and accounting.

Uses of Blockchain technology in logistics / intralogistics

Blockchain is an enabling technology. Just like the Internet, it harbors technological properties that can be used in a variety of ways and whose future uses and applications are not yet definite. At its core, a blockchain is a list of data records…

Storage maintenance costs – warehousing costs or storage costs

Trading companies and manufacturing companies usually have a warehouse or distribution centre. Raw materials and supplies, intermediate products, semi-finished products, finished products and spare parts are stored there. The storage of these goods…

Point of sale systems, warehouse management and branch logistics

A cash register system, also known as a POS system, is software that documents a specific financial transaction of an inventory or a good. In general, the POS system describes the entirety of all clients (hardware) and associated software used that…

Product Lifecycle Management (PLM)

The term Product Lifecycle Management, PLM for short, describes a holistic approach to pooling product information. It is a kind of cross-company management and control of the information flow of a product along the entire value chain. The industry…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise management, which contributes to the overall efficiency of the material flow if it is integrated as well as possible into the existing warehouse management…

The Supply Chain Management (SCM)

Supply chain management (SCM) stands for the monitoring process as well as the coordination and control of the supply chain (value chain). This involves the allocation of all materials, information and the finances distributed along the supply chain…

Conveying aids in intralogistics

In intralogistics, conveying equipment is used to combine individual goods into larger load units. In general, the following definition applies: intralogistics uses conveying equipment to protect different goods, make them ready for loading,…

Order picking times – Dead time

Dead time is an unproductive but unavoidable so-called auxiliary time, which arises during picking due to preparatory and follow-up activities (e.g. search and identification of the storage location). It can be optimized by simple measures.

Advantages of RFID technology over barcodes

What advantages does RFID radio technology have over barcodes? This question has also been on the agenda of intralogistics for some time now. In principle, more information is available with the conventional use of RFID. Moreover, logistics and…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width, height and depth. It covers two different topological aspects. On the one hand the overall structure of the warehouse and thus the positions of the…

Materials management in production and logistics

Materials management controls the material flow within a company as well as order-related material flows to customers and suppliers. As a rule, the focus is on the business management and thus commercial aspects. Seen from above, it links all the…

Distributed Order Management

Distributed Order Management basically the consideration of all companies involved in an order as well as the responsible personnel. Producers, logisticians, suppliers and dealers try to solve questions about tasks or orders that are to be processed…

Inventory costs

Inventory costs are costs that arise from the movement of product goods in the warehouse or distribution center. They are a key figure from business management. Inventory costs in general include, for example, warehouse rent, personnel, energy, and…

Inventory management in intralogistics, incl. stock and stock reconciliation

Inventory management stands for the complete digital recording of all stock movements in intralogistics in order to obtain reliable information about the storage location (where?), quantity (how much?), and quality (what?) of all products at any…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and administration of stocks (see also Inventory Management) and storage locations within closed operations (e.g. distribution centers or manufacturing plants). It…

CMR: the consignment note

The term CMR comes from the French, Convention relative au Contrat de transport international de marchandises par route. It describes the agreement of all participating states on the contract for the international carriage of goods by road. All…

Stock Keeping Unit (SKU)

The acronym SKU, Stock Keeping Unit, describes a clearly identifiable storage unit. A storage unit comprises all identical articles of a particular product variant. For identification purposes, a code is applied to the respective SKU, which clearly…

The Newsvendor Model in SCM

Many supply chain management (SCM) approaches can be explained using the Newsvendor Model (NVM). This model, which originally comes from inventory management, evaluates both the costs of excessively high inventories and the costs of excessively low…

The cost of unused opportunities in supply chain management

No company can afford not to have the cost side under control. The figures from financial accounting serve as the basis for this. In many cases, the figures for the companies' cost accounting are derived from this. A look into the cost accounting of…

Definition – The Milk Run Concept

The milk run concept is a method for optimizing inter-company procurement logistics, often used in conjunction with just-in-time production. Based on existing consumption values, it describes a logistics supply cycle in which goods or empties are…

The degree of utilisation/the capacity utilisation

The degree of capacity utilisation describes the proportion of the capacity used by resources/operating resources (plant, machinery, employees, energy) measured against the total available capacity - always in relation to the completion of a work…

Information in intralogistics

Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The receiver can be either a human or a machine. The sent or received information does not contain irrelevant or redundant transmissions. In the…

Returns processing

Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered - mostly - online. They are processed and handled by the distribution centeraccording to the client's specifications. Looking at returns processing as a whole, the process…

Storage capacity/storage economy

Storage capacity is defined as the maximum number of loading units that a warehouse can hold. It also represents the actual capacity of a warehouse. It directly relates to the size of the storage area, the height of the warehouse (usable space), the…

Host system (ERP system)

The host system (usually an ERP system) is a central data processing system that can be accessed simultaneously by different computer systems and programs. Furthermore, in most cases the database(s) is/are also installed on the host. A host can be…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market is continuously guaranteed despite market fluctuations. This avoids transport and idle times and distributes the time needed for materials over the…

Assortment width and assortment depth

The assortment available in a warehouse and in the retail trade is subdivided into the assortment dimensions assortment width and assortment depth. The assortment width describes the range of different merchandise, the assortment depth the variety…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively within a logistics network. This can be a warehouse, a transshipment point or both in combination. Usually it is the combination in which goods are…

The barcode – EAN, GTIN and GS1 standard

Barcodes have successfully established themselves over other systems in recent years. The barcode is a binary code consisting of an array of parallel bars and separation gaps. These are arranged according to a predetermined image and are interpreted…

Temperature-controlled logistics (environmental measurement)

The market for temperature-controlled logistics in particular has been growing in volume over the past few years. Refrigerated and frozen foods, as well as medication logistics, rely on the benefits of RFID technology. The core functions in such…

Overview and definition of ident carriers

In order to be able to identify an object without any doubt throughout the entire logistics chain, it can be determined by an identifier. This ident carrier is generated by an identification system. The components of an ident system consist of a…

Data Mart: the local warehouse database analysis

Data mart describes the use of a database that is only a department-specific part of the overall data warehouse. For this reason, it is also referred to as the departmental database. Generally, such an extract from the entire database is used to…

Overview – Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC)

Each shipping unit, which can be a pallet or a carton, for example, is automatically assigned a "Serial Shipping Container Code" (prev. "Serial Shipping Container Code" (SSCC)). This is a globally unique and unmistakable sequence of digits that…

Defintion and advantages of consignment

The term consignment refers to a form of delivery of goods in which the supplier acts as consignor and the customer as the consignee. The consignor is the owner of the goods until either an agreed period expires or the consignee removes the goods…

Master data

In intralogistics, master data, also known as primary data or reference data, is data that contains operationally relevant information. This includes information about products, suppliers and customers, for example. Individual data is assigned to an…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored, transferred and retrieved. The storage, transfer and retrieval performance of a storage system depends on the following factors of the storage equipment…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing and allocating replenishment is one of the tasks of supply chain management. By using a warehouse management system, it can be ensured before starting a…

Overview of common manufacturing principles

Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to forecasts, without specific sales order With other products production only starts after the reception of a sales order. Push and pull systems…

Advance Shipping Notice

An Advance Shipping Notice (ASN), also advice note or avis, is a piece of preliminary information on the delivery of goods or the delivery of payment. In the following, this article will use the abbreviation ASN. ASN in the movement of goods Due to…

Mobile and stationary loading units

Loading units are collections of goods that are transported, transhipped or stored as they pass through the supply chain. In contrast to stationary units, mobile units can be freely transported, stacked and moved. Mobile loading units Good examples…

Cycle time procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand. Depending on which criterion drives the replenishment, either the staging procedure, the reorder point procedure or the cycle time procedure is…

Reorder point procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on demand. Depending on which criterion drives the replenishment, either the reorder point procedure, the staging procedure or the cycle time procedure is…

Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains…

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology for the unambiguous and contact-free…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover…

Allocation strategies for warehouse and picking systems/warehouse operation strategies

In a company, it is vital to set goals before developing strategies and to monitor their…

Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic…

Inventory in companies and in logistics

In the inventory, the assets of a company are determined on a key date; in this way, assets and…

Uses of Blockchain technology in logistics / intralogistics

Blockchain is an enabling technology. Just like the Internet, it harbors technological properties…

Storage maintenance costs – warehousing costs or storage costs

Trading companies and manufacturing companies usually have a warehouse or distribution centre. Raw…

Point of sale systems, warehouse management and branch logistics

A cash register system, also known as a POS system, is software that documents a specific financial…

Product Lifecycle Management (PLM)

The term Product Lifecycle Management, PLM for short, describes a holistic approach to pooling…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise…

The Supply Chain Management (SCM)

Supply chain management (SCM) stands for the monitoring process as well as the coordination and…

Conveying aids in intralogistics

In intralogistics, conveying equipment is used to combine individual goods into larger load units.…

Order picking times – Dead time

Dead time is an unproductive but unavoidable so-called auxiliary time, which arises during picking…

Advantages of RFID technology over barcodes

What advantages does RFID radio technology have over barcodes? This question has also been on the…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width,…

Materials management in production and logistics

Materials management controls the material flow within a company as well as order-related material…

Distributed Order Management

Distributed Order Management basically the consideration of all companies involved in an order as…

Inventory costs

Inventory costs are costs that arise from the movement of product goods in the warehouse or…

Inventory management in intralogistics, incl. stock and stock reconciliation

Inventory management stands for the complete digital recording of all stock movements in…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and…

CMR: the consignment note

The term CMR comes from the French, Convention relative au Contrat de transport international de…

Stock Keeping Unit (SKU)

The acronym SKU, Stock Keeping Unit, describes a clearly identifiable storage unit. A storage unit…

The Newsvendor Model in SCM

Many supply chain management (SCM) approaches can be explained using the Newsvendor Model (NVM).…

The cost of unused opportunities in supply chain management

No company can afford not to have the cost side under control. The figures from financial…

Definition – The Milk Run Concept

The milk run concept is a method for optimizing inter-company procurement logistics, often used in…

The degree of utilisation/the capacity utilisation

The degree of capacity utilisation describes the proportion of the capacity used by…

Information in intralogistics

Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The…

Returns processing

Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered - mostly - online. They…

Storage capacity/storage economy

Storage capacity is defined as the maximum number of loading units that a warehouse can hold. It…

Host system (ERP system)

The host system (usually an ERP system) is a central data processing system that can be accessed…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market…

Assortment width and assortment depth

The assortment available in a warehouse and in the retail trade is subdivided into the assortment…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively…

The barcode – EAN, GTIN and GS1 standard

Barcodes have successfully established themselves over other systems in recent years. The barcode…

Temperature-controlled logistics (environmental measurement)

The market for temperature-controlled logistics in particular has been growing in volume over the…

The identifier can hold unique information about the inventory.

Overview and definition of ident carriers

In order to be able to identify an object without any doubt throughout the entire logistics chain,…

Data Mart: the local warehouse database analysis

Data mart describes the use of a database that is only a department-specific part of the overall…

Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC)

Overview – Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC)

Each shipping unit, which can be a pallet or a carton, for example, is automatically assigned a…

Defintion and advantages of consignment

The term consignment refers to a form of delivery of goods in which the supplier acts as consignor…

Master data

In intralogistics, master data, also known as primary data or reference data, is data that contains…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored,…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing…

Overview of common manufacturing principles

Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to…

Advance Shipping Notice

An Advance Shipping Notice (ASN), also advice note or avis, is a piece of preliminary information…

Mobile and stationary loading units

Loading units are collections of goods that are transported, transhipped or stored as they pass…

Cycle time procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand.…

Reorder point procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on demand.…