Overview of the term logistics – definitions, specializations and job descriptions

Table of contents Introduction Logistics definition and the 6 R Areas in logistics Processes in logistics Occupations in logistics Summary Introduction The term logistics commonly refers to the planning, management and control of tangible as well…

Definition of the software principle ‘clean architecture’

Clean architecture' is an IT application implementation style. At the heart of clean architecture and similar styles such as hexagonal architecture is the ability to test and develop the business application independently of the rest of the…

Definition and advantages of context-aware frontend architecture

Reasons for context-aware frontend architecture User interfaces must meet more and more diverse requirements. As digital infrastructures undergo constant evolution and transformation, the cycles in which software must be adapted are also shortening.…

Definition – tugger train and tugger train systems

Tugger trains are means of transport that are used in intralogistics processes, primarily in manufacturing companies. Other common terms include logistics trains or tugger train systems. Like other industrial trucks, they are used for the internal…

What is Business Intelligence – structure, requirements, advantages and disadvantages

Business Intelligence - Definition Traditionally, Business Intelligence (BI) is a collective term for methods and processes for the systematic analysis of data. Companies use this instrument to make their business processes and customer and supplier…

Definition of business rules and fields of application of BRMS solutions

Business rules describe rules that are defined for automated processes or for processes whose degree of automation is to be established or increased. Business rules therefore usually have their background in the field of (business) information…

Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking zones. This usually results in four racking zones, which are named as follows from bottom to top Bending zone Gripping zone Viewing zone Stretch…

Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed simultaneously. Compared to order-oriented, serial picking, this means the following: Larger orders are split before the picking and carried out in different…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains - mostly in so-called fragmented supply chains. It can be localised thanks to fluctuations in production planning and logistics planning (price…

Putaway processes in logistics

In the putaway business process, articles are picked up, transported and stored in the warehouse. The articles can be identified and assigned to a storage location using labels that were previously attached in the business process Goods Receipt.…

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology for the unambiguous and contact-free identification of objects (goods, living beings and states) of any kind. It enables fast and automatic data acquisition using electromagnetic waves with the…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks of a certain article within a particular article within a certain time. The range of storage indicates how long a stock will last to fulfil existing…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover coefficient, expresses how often an average inventory is completely withdrawn and replaced in a given period (usually a financial year). As a key figure, it can…

Definition and overview of goods issue in intralogistics

Just as with goods receipt, goods issue is an interface between internal and external materials management. Here, goods are provided from the warehouse, quality and identity are (re-)checked, and the necessary documents are prepared. Finished…

Goods Receipt in intralogistics – definition and overview

The design and scope of the goods receipt are relevant for the performance of a warehouse. If the goods receipt is incorrectly planned or poorly organized, this can lead to disruptions in operations. In the business process of goods receipt,…

Movement strategies within warehouse operations

The aim of utilising movement strategies is to adhere to specified guidelines in warehouse operations and, at the same time, achieve the best possible throughput performance. The respective movement strategy determines in which arrangement stacker…

Allocation strategies for warehouse and picking systems/warehouse operation strategies

In a company, it is vital to set goals before developing strategies and to monitor their consistency and achievability continually. In logistics, there are strategies for planning new systems, implementing them and optimising existing systems during…

Adaptive IT in intralogistics as a tool for digital transformation

Adaptive IT describes a modular system for modelling software. Individual software components can be added or removed as required without affecting the existing system. This concept allows for a very high degree of flexibility in the planning of a…

Storage techniques in intralogistics

Depending on the nature of the stored goods and the frequency of use, different storage techniques are suitable. Different techniques can also be used in one building. Overview - dynamic and static storage systems in intralogistics Storage…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part II

You may think estimating the weight of an ox, as described in Part 1 of this article, is hardly a complex task. But these mechanisms can be used to solve much more complex logistical problems. These are three categories of problems we typically face…

When risk minimization becomes a risk in logistics

Logistical decisions are ultimately economic decisions. This applies, for example, to major investments in warehouse and conveyor technology. Once all possible technical, informational and organizational questions have been clarified, managers in…

Cloud computing: IT infrastructures and logistics

Cloud computing describes the provision of IT infrastructure. These can consist of servers, storage, software, databases, network components and artificial functionalities (AI). The IT infrastructures mentioned are not installed on the respective…

The Internet of Things (IoT) and intralogistics

The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the networking of physical objects (fitness bracelets, smart home, connected cars, industry 4.0) and the virtual world (software/Internet). Physical objects, in particular, are equipped with appropriate…

Point of sale / stationary trade – definition

Point of sale / stationary trade - a definition: The point of sale (PoS) is the place where the goods are offered, where the customer and the goods are brought together commercially and thus the sale or purchase or exchange can take place. The PoS…

SAIL – the system architecture for intralogistics from VDI / VDMA

"Innovation and Standardization" is the title of a working group of the Intralogistics Forum of the German Engineering Federation (VDMA), which brings together renowned machine and facility manufacturers, IT companies, warehouse logistics…

Production, dispatch and intralogistics: the rush order

A rush order is an order - in production, shipping or in intralogistics - which for various reasons has to be fulfilled faster or at shorter notice than its usual throughput time (see also order throughput time). Urgent orders can be placed by the…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is especially suitable for use as an automated small parts storage. The respective storage system dispenses with classic racks; instead, modular containers…

Enterprise Resource Planning – the five most important questions when choosing an ERP system

An Enterprise Resource Planning System (ERP for short) is used in many different sized companies. It helps both start-ups and medium-sized companies as well as large corporations to make business processes more efficient. This is achieved through…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution. In addition to packaging materials, packaging logistics also deals with the corresponding processes and structures of packing and packaging; as a…

Two-dimensional codes: stacked codes, matrix codes, QR code, DataMatrix code

The one-dimensional bar code is commonly used to label goods and services. However, since the data density of such codes is low, applications intended for this purpose use two-dimensional codes (2D codes or 2D barcodes) whose data capacity exceeds…

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Overview of the term logistics – definitions, specializations and job descriptions

Table of contents Introduction Logistics definition and the 6 R Areas in logistics Processes in…

Definition of the software principle ‘clean architecture’

Clean architecture' is an IT application implementation style. At the heart of clean architecture…

Definition and advantages of context-aware frontend architecture

Reasons for context-aware frontend architecture User interfaces must meet more and more diverse…

Definition – tugger train and tugger train systems

Tugger trains are means of transport that are used in intralogistics processes, primarily in…

What is Business Intelligence – structure, requirements, advantages and disadvantages

Business Intelligence - Definition Traditionally, Business Intelligence (BI) is a collective term…

Definition of business rules and fields of application of BRMS solutions

Business rules describe rules that are defined for automated processes or for processes whose…

Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking…

Putaway processes in logistics

In the putaway business process, articles are picked up, transported and stored in the warehouse.…

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology for the unambiguous and contact-free…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks…

Definition and overview of goods issue in intralogistics

Just as with goods receipt, goods issue is an interface between internal and external materials…

Goods Receipt in intralogistics – definition and overview

The design and scope of the goods receipt are relevant for the performance of a warehouse. If the…

Movement strategies within warehouse operations

The aim of utilising movement strategies is to adhere to specified guidelines in warehouse…

Allocation strategies for warehouse and picking systems/warehouse operation strategies

In a company, it is vital to set goals before developing strategies and to monitor their…

Adaptive IT in intralogistics as a tool for digital transformation

Adaptive IT describes a modular system for modelling software. Individual software components can…

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Storage techniques in intralogistics

Depending on the nature of the stored goods and the frequency of use, different storage techniques…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part II

You may think estimating the weight of an ox, as described in Part 1 of this article, is hardly a…

When risk minimization becomes a risk in logistics

Logistical decisions are ultimately economic decisions. This applies, for example, to major…

Cloud computing: IT infrastructures and logistics

Cloud computing describes the provision of IT infrastructure. These can consist of servers,…

The Internet of Things (IoT) and intralogistics

The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the networking of physical objects (fitness bracelets, smart…

Point of sale / stationary trade – definition

Point of sale / stationary trade - a definition: The point of sale (PoS) is the place where the…

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