Definition and overview of the logistic process shipping and the common shipping types

What is included in the business process of shipping?The transport of goods from a company’s own warehouse to its customers is referred to as shipping; it is therefore the transport of goods from one place to another. Within a value chain,…

Definition of business rules and fields of application of BRMS solutions

Business rules describe rules that are defined for automated processes or for processes whose degree of automation is to be established or increased. Business rules therefore usually have their background in the field of (business) information…

Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed simultaneously. Compared to order-oriented, serial picking, this means the following: Larger orders are split before the picking and carried out in different…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains - mostly in so-called fragmented supply chains. It can be localised thanks to fluctuations in production planning and logistics planning (price…

Definition and overview of goods issue in intralogistics

Just as with goods receipt, goods issue is an interface between internal and external materials management. Here, goods are provided from the warehouse, quality and identity are (re-)checked, and the necessary documents are prepared. Finished…

Goods Receipt in intralogistics – definition and overview

The design and scope of the goods receipt are relevant for the performance of a warehouse. If the goods receipt is incorrectly planned or poorly organized, this can lead to disruptions in operations. In the business process of goods receipt,…

SAIL – the system architecture for intralogistics from VDI / VDMA

"Innovation and Standardization" is the title of a working group of the Intralogistics Forum of the German Engineering Federation (VDMA), which brings together renowned machine and facility manufacturers, IT companies, warehouse logistics…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that originates exclusively from machines, robots and cyber-physical systems. The research area AI tries to understand, emulate and mimic human perception and action. According to the field…

Uses of Blockchain technology in logistics / intralogistics

Blockchain is an enabling technology. Just like the Internet, it harbors technological properties that can be used in a variety of ways and whose future uses and applications are not yet definite. At its core, a blockchain is a list of data records…

The Jidoka principle in production and logistics

The Jidoka principle describes the ability of a machine, a plant or an entire system to switch itself off in case of errors, quality and production problems. Jidoka forms the second supporting pillar in the Toyota Production System (TPS) alongside…

Set-up time in production and intralogistics

If a machine or a production site, i.e. individual facilities or entire production lines, is set up for a special processing operation and equipped with the necessary tools, the duration of this changeover is referred to as set-up time. Usually, the…

Logistics management and the supply chain

The integrated planning, organization, management, processing and control of the entire flow of materials and goods and the corresponding information flow is called logistics management. This is not a tangible work step, but rather countless process…

Opportunity costs in logistics

Opportunity costs, also known as alternative costs or foregone costs, express a foregone benefit in costs on the basis of decisions that have a negative impact and enable an approximately accurate cost calculation. The degree of utilization always…

CPFR – Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment

CPFR stands for Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment and is a further development of Efficient Consumer Response (ECR), known from supply chain management. CPFR requires that all information along the value chain is brought together…

The Supply Chain Management (SCM)

Supply chain management (SCM) stands for the monitoring process as well as the coordination and control of the supply chain (value chain). This involves the allocation of all materials, information and the finances distributed along the supply chain…

Lean management: the 5S-method

The 5S method originates from Japanese production and was first used by the car manufacturer Toyota. The Japanese Taiichi Ono, who also invented the Kaizen management concept, wanted to simultaneously introduce a systematic workplace organization…

Inventory costs

Inventory costs are costs that arise from the movement of product goods in the warehouse or distribution center. They are a key figure from business management. Inventory costs in general include, for example, warehouse rent, personnel, energy, and…

Specifications and requirement documents in intralogistics

The specification sheet generally contains the project requirements predefined and described in detail by the client, which in his or her view are necessary to successfully implement all requirements of the overall project. The requirement document,…

Information in intralogistics

Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The receiver can be either a human or a machine. The sent or received information does not contain irrelevant or redundant transmissions. In the…

Returns processing

Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered - mostly - online. They are processed and handled by the distribution centeraccording to the client's specifications. Looking at returns processing as a whole, the process…

Definition of order processing in intralogistics

Order processing includes all formal processes such as order transmission, data processing and order control; measured from the time the order is placed to the receipt of the so-called shipment documents (invoice). The physical receipt of the goods…

Lean Production

Lean Production describes a method with the goal to react quickly to outside influences on production systems. This is a concept that affects the efficiency increase of all company activities within a value chain. This includes, for example, the…

Order throughput time

When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is completed. For each of these individual processes, the lead time is measured. If you add the lead times of the individual processes, you get the total…

Production management

According to business economist Werner Kern, production management is an operational service provision. "Production is any kind of internal transformation of goods into higher-value goods". In his opinion, terms such as production, costs, planning,…

Batch formation in picking

Batch formation during picking, also known as batch picking or multi-order picking, is a form of two-step picking and is used in picking forms such as series-oriented, parallel picking. Requirements from several individual orders are combined in…

Definition – Value chain

A value chain describes how value is created through a chain of activities and combined in processes. The value chain is also referred to as process chain or performance chain. Establishment of a value chain To analyze a value chain, a company's…

Sorter (Packing) – Basics

After the picking business process, the product is passed on to the sorter (packing department). However, the sorter and the downstream packing department are only available for two-stage picking. It is not required for single-stage picking, because…

Single-stage picking – basics

During picking, a certain quantity of articles is picked from an assortment and put together. Picking in a warehouse can be single-stage or multi-stage. In single-stage picking, the picker always works on an order-related basis as he moves through…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing and allocating replenishment is one of the tasks of supply chain management. By using a warehouse management system, it can be ensured before starting a…

Picking – definition and picking methods

Picking stands for the assembly of goods and merchandise according to specified orders from an available overall assortment. Depending on the customer in question, the order can be compiled on an order-related basis or without an order. These…

Material throughput time

The material throughput time is the time required to run through all business processes, for example, in a warehouse or distribution centre. The calculation of the lead time begins with Goods receipt and ends when the material is made available for…

Basic warehouse planning – actual state analysis and target concept

Once the target has been set, an actual state analysis including the identification of weak points is carried out during warehouse planning. On this basis, first in the rough planning, then in the detailed planning, a target concept is created,…

Single-stage order picking – order-oriented, serial picking

With order-oriented, serial picking, order items are successively processed according to orders. Either an order picker passes through all warehouse zones or an order is transferred from an order picker of a certain zone to the next order picker and…

Sorter – Packaging

Definition of Packing The packaging is the merging of storage units to form a complete unit. In the fields of production and technology, the term "packing" refers to the division or length division of units. It is also often used as a synonym for…

The manual sort order fulfilment

Manual Sort Order Fulfilment (MSF) is a software-supported, manual sorting system. The basis is a multi-stage picking process, but compared to the use of an automated sorter, the subsequent sorting work is done by humans. The MSF is responsible for…

Single-stage picking without IT system support

Picking without IT system support requires a manageable assortment of articles, which is clearly structured according to product groups. Within a product group, storage by ascending article number ensures fast access. The entire stock of an item is…

Definition of business processes

Business processes can be used to visualize business-relevant procedures of a company. A task that arises through business activities is partitioned into business processes. This in turn results in a fragmentation into sub-processes, whereupon the…

The modern material flow control

The Material Flow Control System (MFCS) or the Material Flow Computer (MFC) is very often described as an order management system that is directly assigned to materials handling equipment. However, this blanket definition of material flow control no…

Aerial view of CSX terminal in Bedford Park Illinois by https://unsplash.com/@blueshift12

Definition and overview of the logistic process shipping and the common shipping types

What is included in the business process of shipping?The transport of goods from a company’s…

Definition of business rules and fields of application of BRMS solutions

Business rules describe rules that are defined for automated processes or for processes whose…

Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains…

Definition and overview of goods issue in intralogistics

Just as with goods receipt, goods issue is an interface between internal and external materials…

Goods Receipt in intralogistics – definition and overview

The design and scope of the goods receipt are relevant for the performance of a warehouse. If the…

SAIL – the system architecture for intralogistics from VDI / VDMA

"Innovation and Standardization" is the title of a working group of the Intralogistics Forum of the…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that originates exclusively from…

Uses of Blockchain technology in logistics / intralogistics

Blockchain is an enabling technology. Just like the Internet, it harbors technological properties…

The Jidoka principle in production and logistics

The Jidoka principle describes the ability of a machine, a plant or an entire system to switch…

Set-up time in production and intralogistics

If a machine or a production site, i.e. individual facilities or entire production lines, is set up…

Logistics management and the supply chain

The integrated planning, organization, management, processing and control of the entire flow of…

Opportunity costs, especially in intralogistics, are a popular means of identifying capacities in advance.

Opportunity costs in logistics

Opportunity costs, also known as alternative costs or foregone costs, express a foregone benefit in…

CPFR – Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment

CPFR stands for Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment and is a further development…

The Supply Chain Management (SCM)

Supply chain management (SCM) stands for the monitoring process as well as the coordination and…

Lean management: the 5S-method

The 5S method originates from Japanese production and was first used by the car manufacturer…

Inventory costs

Inventory costs are costs that arise from the movement of product goods in the warehouse or…

Specifications and requirement documents in intralogistics

The specification sheet generally contains the project requirements predefined and described in…

Information in intralogistics

Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The…

Returns processing

Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered - mostly - online. They…

Definition of order processing in intralogistics

Order processing includes all formal processes such as order transmission, data processing and…

Lean Production

Lean Production describes a method with the goal to react quickly to outside influences on…

Order throughput time

When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is…

Production management

According to business economist Werner Kern, production management is an operational service…

Batch formation in picking

Batch formation during picking, also known as batch picking or multi-order picking, is a form of…

Definition – Value chain

A value chain describes how value is created through a chain of activities and combined in…

Sorter (Packing) – Basics

After the picking business process, the product is passed on to the sorter (packing department).…

Single-stage picking – basics

During picking, a certain quantity of articles is picked from an assortment and put together.…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing…

Picking – definition and picking methods

Picking stands for the assembly of goods and merchandise according to specified orders from an…

Material throughput time

The material throughput time is the time required to run through all business processes, for…

Basic warehouse planning – actual state analysis and target concept

Once the target has been set, an actual state analysis including the identification of weak points…

Single-stage order picking – order-oriented, serial picking

With order-oriented, serial picking, order items are successively processed according to orders.…

Sorter – Packaging

Definition of Packing The packaging is the merging of storage units to form a complete unit. In the…

The manual sort order fulfilment

Manual Sort Order Fulfilment (MSF) is a software-supported, manual sorting system. The basis is a…

Single-stage picking without IT system support

Picking without IT system support requires a manageable assortment of articles, which is clearly…

Definition of business processes

Business processes can be used to visualize business-relevant procedures of a company. A task that…

The modern material flow control

The Material Flow Control System (MFCS) or the Material Flow Computer (MFC) is very often described…