Warehouse architecture

  • Rack zones – Overview

    A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking zones. This usually results in four racking zones, which are named as follows from bottom...

  • Set-up time in production and intralogistics

    If a machine or a production site, i.e. individual facilities or entire production lines, is set up for a special processing operation and equipped with the necessary tools, the duration...

  • Rack zones – viewing zone

    A rack can be divided into vertical rack based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The viewing zone starts at an average height of 1.40...

  • picking due to the quick removal of goods and the easy removal of goods means that little energy is consumed by employees.

    Rack zones – gripping zone

    A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The gripping zone starts at an average height of 60...

  • rack area is called the bending zone. It reaches an average height of 60 - 80 cm. In the bending zone, goods with low turnover are often stored. However, the expected turnover is not the only decisive factor for goods placement. The storage zone close to the floor is also suitable as a storage location for heavy and large-volume goods.

    Rack zones – bending zone

    A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The lowest rack area is called the bending zone. It...

  • articles are identified and first checked visually for completeness and damage. Articles are then recorded and re-labelled if necessary. After a successful incoming goods inspection, the goods are posted and forwarded for storage. The goods receipt of a warehouse usually consists of the following components:
    • Ramps
    • Gates
    • Staging areas
    • Functional surfaces (e.g. for checks and load securing)

    Tasks of Goods Receipt

    Typical tasks taken over from goods receipt are, for example:
    • Checking the goods for identity, quantity and quality
    • Intermediate storage until completion of incoming goods inspection
    • Unloading delivery vehicles
    • Unpacking and sorting the packages
    • Marking of the goods
    • Booking the goods
    The goals of a successful goods receipt phase are to create short lead times, to keep space requirements and employee retention as low as possible and to achieve high process quality.

    Goods Receipt - Identification and status processing

    When goods are delivered, various preparatory work must be carried out during goods receipt. This takes place in the process steps Identification and Status Processing.

    Identification via the goods receipt notification

    At goods receipt, the goods are identified in a multi-step process. As a rule, it is possible to set up an article master (coming from the commercial system) so that the basic data of the article is already known to the system. As a result of the close interaction between the logistics computer and a superimposed commercial level, there is usually preliminary information about the incoming goods - an advice note. [caption id="attachment_31235" align="aligncenter" width="556"]

    Goods Receipt in intralogistics – definition and overview

    The design and scope of the goods receipt are relevant for the performance of a warehouse. If the goods receipt is incorrectly planned or poorly organized, this can lead to...

  • Storage techniques in intralogistics

    Depending on the nature of the stored goods and the frequency of use, different storage techniques are suitable. Different techniques can also be used in one building. Storage techniques can...

  • Definition and overview of goods issue in intralogistics

    Just as with goods receipt, goods issue is an interface between internal and external materials management. Here, goods are provided from the warehouse, quality and identity are (re-)checked, and the...

  • SAIL – the system architecture for intralogistics from VDI /

    “Innovation and Standardization” is the title of a working group of the Intralogistics Forum of the German Engineering Federation (VDMA), which brings together renowned machine and facility manufacturers, IT companies,...

  • The picking travel time

    The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch; measured from the starting point of picking via the picking locations to...

  • The storage location management

    The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width, height and depth. It covers two different topological aspects. On the one hand the overall...

  • The process-oriented warehouse planning

    The process-oriented warehouse planning already takes into account in detail key positions relevant for planning such as assortment or stored goods, loading unit, and storage type during the so-called conceptual...

  • Optimization through process chain management

    Process chain management serves to organize business processes in intralogistics and other industrial segments. According to Otto Schlichtherle, Logistics IT Consulting, it combines process-oriented thinking with the alignment of processes...

  • Ergonomics in the warehouse

    Ergonomics in the warehouse aims at the adaptation and creation of workstations which, taking into account the human physique, enable the worker to carry out activities as comfortably as possible....

  • The distribution center

    A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively within a logistics network. This can be a warehouse, a transshipment point or both...

  • Mobile and stationary loading units

    Loading units are collections of goods that are transported, transhipped or stored as they pass through the supply chain. In contrast to stationary units, mobile units can be freely transported,...