Material flow and transport

  • The packaging logistics

    Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution. In addition to packaging materials, packaging logistics also deals with the corresponding processes and structures...

  • Production, dispatch and intralogistics: the rush order

    A rush order is an order – in production, shipping or in intralogistics – which for various reasons has to be fulfilled faster or at shorter notice than its usual...

  • Movement strategies within warehouse operations

    The aim of utilising movement strategies is to adhere to specified guidelines in warehouse operations and, at the same time, achieve the best possible throughput performance. The respective movement strategy...

  • Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

    The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover coefficient, expresses how often an average inventory is completely withdrawn and replaced in a given period (usually...

  • Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

    With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed simultaneously. Compared to order-oriented, serial picking, this means the following: Larger orders are split before the picking...

  • Kanban system

    The Kanban system is a planning system for production control. the Kanban system is often split into material flow and replenishment are controlled starting from the processing location, based on...

  • The Bullwhip effect

    The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains – mostly in so-called fragmented supply chains. It can be localised thanks to fluctuations in production planning and...

  • Decision making for discontinuous conveyors

    In a transport system that does not convey continuously, the decision as to whether a transport object can be transferred from one location to another is made directly in the...

  • Continuous conveyor / discontinuous conveyor

    Both the continuous conveyor and the discontinuous conveyor belong to the conveyor technology category. Both systems are used to transport goods from one place to another. They differ in that...

  • Just-in-time – Definition

    “Just-in-time” refers to a type of delivery in which the required goods are delivered on time and in exact quantities in order to keep warehousing at the processing location as...

  • Single-stage order picking – order-oriented, serial picking

    With order-oriented, serial picking, order items are successively processed according to orders. Either an order picker passes through all warehouse zones or an order is transferred from an order picker...

  • The Milk Run Concept

    The milk run concept is a method for optimizing inter-company procurement logistics, often used in conjunction with just-in-time production. Based on existing consumption values, it describes a logistics supply cycle...

  • Manufacturing principles

    Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to forecasts, without specific sales order With other products production only starts after the reception of a sales...

  • CMR: the consignment note

    The term CMR comes from the French, Convention relative au Contrat de transport international de marchandises par route. It describes the agreement of all participating states on the contract for...

  • Logistics – Definition

    The term logistics stands for the planning, control and monitoring of the material and immaterial flow of goods within a company, between partner companies and between suppliers and end customers.

  • Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

    In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic decision. A basic distinction is made between centralized and decentralized locations, which can have different effects on logistics costs...

  • AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

    AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is especially suitable for use as an automated small parts storage. The respective storage system...

  • Cyber-physical systems and logistics

    Cyber-physical systems, or CPS for short, are system units or components that are linked together by means of software, electronics and mechanics, the so-called cyber-physical infrastructure. The technologies from the...

  • Logistics management and the supply chain

    The integrated planning, organization, management, processing and control of the entire flow of materials and goods and the corresponding information flow is called logistics management. This is not a tangible...

  • Vogel’s approximation method

    The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in distribution logistics, for example to solve a transport problem. It belongs to the field of...

  • The screw conveyor / spiral conveyor for bulk material

    Transport systems are needed in warehouses to transport goods. For this purpose, there are various possibilities for different requirements in conveyor technology. In addition to roller, vibratory and circular conveyors,...

  • Picking method Pick-by-robot

    The picking type Pick-by-Robot means the picking of goods, carried out by so-called perception-controlled logistics robots – without human intervention. Perception-controlled logistics robots are a further development of autonomous systems...

  • Multicopter: Drones as parcel carriers of the future

    Goods delivery by automated or even autonomous drones? What we know at best as a vision from science fiction films could soon become everyday life. At least when it comes...

  • Replenishment in intralogistics

    Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today’s merchandise management, which contributes to the overall efficiency of the material flow if it is integrated as well...

  • Effects of shipping options on loyalty to the online store

    Buying on the Internet offers almost endless possibilities and shipping options. Whether books, clothes, food – regardless of the time of day, one can buy almost any imaginable product in...

  • Conveying aids in intralogistics

    In intralogistics, conveying equipment is used to combine individual goods into larger load units. In general, the following definition applies: intralogistics uses conveying equipment to protect different goods, make them...

  • Order picking times – Dead time

    Dead time is an unproductive but unavoidable so-called auxiliary time, which arises during picking due to preparatory and follow-up activities (e.g. search and identification of the storage location). It can...

  • The (hanging) bag sorter

    The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems. A (hanging) bag sorter system makes it possible to transport hanging and flat packed...

  • The picking travel time

    The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch; measured from the starting point of picking via the picking locations to...

  • The storage location management

    The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width, height and depth. It covers two different topological aspects. On the one hand the overall...

  • Last-mile logistics in e-commerce – challenges and solutions

    Online commerce has shown considerable growth in the past decades. The B2C sector in particular recorded massive growth rates, leaving the B2B sector far behind. According to the statistics portal...

  • Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

    TheWarehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and administration of stocks (see also Inventory Management) and storage locations within closed operations (e.g. distribution centers or manufacturing...

  • What can logistics accomplish?

    In recent decades, the term “logistics” has developed into a general term. This is a good thing. But what is not so positive is that “logistics” – especially in the...

  • Material flow control as a service for a distribution center

    Material flow control, also known as material flow computer or material flow control system (MFCS), is very often described as an order management directly assigned to materials handling equipment. However,...

  • The Newsvendor Model in SCM

    Many supply chain management (SCM) approaches can be explained using the Newsvendor Model (NVM). This model, which originally comes from inventory management, evaluates both the costs of excessively high inventories...

  • The cost of unused opportunities in supply chain management

    No company can afford not to have the cost side under control. The figures from financial accounting serve as the basis for this. In many cases, the figures for the...

  • Buffer line

    A buffer section is used to intercept jams within the material flow, to avoid bottlenecks and idle time within different processes and to collect inventories for forwarding. It can be...

  • Information in intralogistics

    Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The receiver can be either a human or a machine. The sent or received information...

  • Returns processing

    Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered – mostly – online. They are processed and handled by the distribution centeraccording to the client’s specifications. Looking at returns...

  • Heijunka lean method

    The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market is continuously guaranteed despite market fluctuations. This avoids transport and idle times and distributes...

  • Modularization of materials handling equipment – approach to a standardized...

    The current market development shows the following challenges: New component technologies require new measures to be taken Uncoordinated function modelling leads to fragmentation Large projects can only be managed with...

  • Lean Production

    Lean Production describes a method with the goal to react quickly to outside influences on production systems. This is a concept that affects the efficiency increase of all company activities...

  • The distribution center

    A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively within a logistics network. This can be a warehouse, a transshipment point or both...

  • Order throughput time

    When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is completed. For each of these individual processes, the lead time is measured. If...

  • Production management

    According to business economist Werner Kern, production management is an operational service provision. “Production is any kind of internal transformation of goods into higher-value goods”. In his opinion, terms such...

  • Storage and retrieval machine

    A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored, transferred and retrieved. The storage, transfer and retrieval performance of a storage system...

  • Lean Management

    Lean management also has several sub-categories, such as lean thinking, lean production and lean supply chain. It describes various methods and procedures to optimally plan the processes of the value...

  • Definition – Transshipment logistics

    Goods handling is a function of intralogistics and takes place between the external goods flow and the internal material flow. The cargo of a means of transport is loaded onto...

  • picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing and allocating replenishment is one of the tasks of supply chain management. By using a warehouse management system, it can be ensured before starting a picking process that there is sufficient stock in the picking area. The supply of goods may be necessary as a precaution, on-demand or due to a shortage in the warehouse. The different variants of replenishment can also be partially combined with each other in order to achieve an even system utilization with maximum readiness for delivery.

    Replenishment – Basics

    Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing and allocating replenishment is one of the tasks of supply chain management. By using a warehouse...

  • Push system and pull system in supply chains

    Supply chain management refers to the value chain from the supplier to the end consumer. Depending on the direction of the supply chain, there are two systems. The push system...

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