Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed simultaneously. Compared to order-oriented, serial picking, this means the following: Larger orders are split before the picking and carried out in different…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains - mostly in so-called fragmented supply chains. It can be localised thanks to fluctuations in production planning and logistics planning (price…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover coefficient, expresses how often an average inventory is completely withdrawn and replaced in a given period (usually a financial year). As a key figure, it can…

Movement strategies within warehouse operations

The aim of utilising movement strategies is to adhere to specified guidelines in warehouse operations and, at the same time, achieve the best possible throughput performance. The respective movement strategy determines in which arrangement stacker…

Production, dispatch and intralogistics: the rush order

A rush order is an order - in production, shipping or in intralogistics - which for various reasons has to be fulfilled faster or at shorter notice than its usual throughput time (see also order throughput time). Urgent orders can be placed by the…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is especially suitable for use as an automated small parts storage. The respective storage system dispenses with classic racks; instead, modular containers…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution. In addition to packaging materials, packaging logistics also deals with the corresponding processes and structures of packing and packaging; as a…

Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic decision. A basic distinction is made between centralized and decentralized locations, which can have different effects on logistics costs (see also…

Cyber-physical systems and logistics

Cyber-physical systems, or CPS for short, are system units or components that are linked together by means of software, electronics and mechanics, the so-called cyber-physical infrastructure. The technologies from the 'Internet of Things' (IoT) and…

Logistics management and the supply chain

The integrated planning, organization, management, processing and control of the entire flow of materials and goods and the corresponding information flow is called logistics management. This is not a tangible work step, but rather countless process…

Vogel’s approximation method

The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in distribution logistics, for example to solve a transport problem. It belongs to the field of mathematically oriented statistics, also called operations…

The screw conveyor / spiral conveyor for bulk material

Transport systems are needed in warehouses to transport goods. For this purpose, there are various possibilities for different requirements in conveyor technology. In addition to roller, vibratory and circular conveyors, screw conveyors (also known…

Picking method Pick-by-robot

The picking type Pick-by-Robot means the picking of goods, carried out by so-called perception-controlled logistics robots - without human intervention. Perception-controlled logistics robots are a further development of autonomous systems that…

Multicopter: Drones as parcel carriers of the future

Goods delivery by automated or even autonomous drones? What we know at best as a vision from science fiction films could soon become everyday life. At least when it comes to Amazon, UPS, Mercedes Benz and DHL. What are the challenges, what is…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise management, which contributes to the overall efficiency of the material flow if it is integrated as well as possible into the existing warehouse management…

Logistics – Definition

The term logistics stands for the planning, control and monitoring of the material and immaterial flow of goods within a company, between partner companies and between suppliers and end customers.

Effects of shipping options on loyalty to the online store

Buying on the Internet offers almost endless possibilities and shipping options. Whether books, clothes, food - regardless of the time of day, one can buy almost any imaginable product in countless stores. The providers are also becoming more and…

Conveying aids in intralogistics

In intralogistics, conveying equipment is used to combine individual goods into larger load units. In general, the following definition applies: intralogistics uses conveying equipment to protect different goods, make them ready for loading,…

Order picking times – Dead time

Dead time is an unproductive but unavoidable so-called auxiliary time, which arises during picking due to preparatory and follow-up activities (e.g. search and identification of the storage location). It can be optimized by simple measures.

The (hanging) bag sorter

The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems. A (hanging) bag sorter system makes it possible to transport hanging and flat packed goods fully automatically on the same line - even classic…

The picking travel time

The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch; measured from the starting point of picking via the picking locations to the delivery point - depending on the picking method, including the way back to…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width, height and depth. It covers two different topological aspects. On the one hand the overall structure of the warehouse and thus the positions of the…

Last-mile logistics in e-commerce – challenges and solutions

Online commerce has shown considerable growth in the past decades. The B2C sector in particular recorded massive growth rates, leaving the B2B sector far behind. According to the statistics portal Statista, the turnover in e-commerce (B2C) has…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part I

Surely you use a navigation system. So then you are already relying on the performance of ants and swarm intelligence. Why? Because the current navigation systems are programmed with the so-called ant algorithm and this shows you the "best" way from…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and administration of stocks (see also Inventory Management) and storage locations within closed operations (e.g. distribution centers or manufacturing plants). It…

CMR: the consignment note

The term CMR comes from the French, Convention relative au Contrat de transport international de marchandises par route. It describes the agreement of all participating states on the contract for the international carriage of goods by road. All…

What can logistics accomplish?

In recent decades, the term "logistics" has developed into a general term. This is a good thing. But what is not so positive is that "logistics" - especially in the media - is often misused and misapplied in some companies for all kinds of…

Material flow control as a service for a distribution center

Material flow control, also known as material flow computer or material flow control system (MFCS), is very often described as an order management directly assigned to materials handling equipment. However, this view does not do justice to the task…

Cut-off time in intralogistics

In intralogistics, the cut-off time describes the time at which an order must leave the warehouse and be transferred to the carrier so that it can still be delivered within a predefined period of time. On the other hand, a retailer understands…

The Newsvendor Model in SCM

Many supply chain management (SCM) approaches can be explained using the Newsvendor Model (NVM). This model, which originally comes from inventory management, evaluates both the costs of excessively high inventories and the costs of excessively low…

Function and advantages of the ant algorithm

The Ant Algorithm, also often called Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) in the literature, is an algorithm for the approximate solution of complex optimization problems. This method of combinatorial optimization, also known as metaheuristics, is based on…

The cost of unused opportunities in supply chain management

No company can afford not to have the cost side under control. The figures from financial accounting serve as the basis for this. In many cases, the figures for the companies' cost accounting are derived from this. A look into the cost accounting of…

Definition – The Milk Run Concept

The milk run concept is a method for optimizing inter-company procurement logistics, often used in conjunction with just-in-time production. Based on existing consumption values, it describes a logistics supply cycle in which goods or empties are…

Buffer line

A buffer section is used to intercept jams within the material flow, to avoid bottlenecks and idle time within different processes and to collect inventories for forwarding. It can be integrated fully automatically into the flow of goods, but can…

Information in intralogistics

Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The receiver can be either a human or a machine. The sent or received information does not contain irrelevant or redundant transmissions. In the…

Returns processing

Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered - mostly - online. They are processed and handled by the distribution centeraccording to the client's specifications. Looking at returns processing as a whole, the process…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market is continuously guaranteed despite market fluctuations. This avoids transport and idle times and distributes the time needed for materials over the…

Modularization of materials handling equipment – approach to a standardized system architecture

The current market development shows the following challenges: New component technologies require new measures to be taken Uncoordinated function modelling leads to fragmentation Large projects can only be managed with extreme engineering effort…

Lean Production

Lean Production describes a method with the goal to react quickly to outside influences on production systems. This is a concept that affects the efficiency increase of all company activities within a value chain. This includes, for example, the…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively within a logistics network. This can be a warehouse, a transshipment point or both in combination. Usually it is the combination in which goods are…

Order throughput time

When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is completed. For each of these individual processes, the lead time is measured. If you add the lead times of the individual processes, you get the total…

Temperature-controlled logistics (environmental measurement)

The market for temperature-controlled logistics in particular has been growing in volume over the past few years. Refrigerated and frozen foods, as well as medication logistics, rely on the benefits of RFID technology. The core functions in such…

Production management

According to business economist Werner Kern, production management is an operational service provision. "Production is any kind of internal transformation of goods into higher-value goods". In his opinion, terms such as production, costs, planning,…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored, transferred and retrieved. The storage, transfer and retrieval performance of a storage system depends on the following factors of the storage equipment…

Definition – Value chain

A value chain describes how value is created through a chain of activities and combined in processes. The value chain is also referred to as process chain or performance chain. Establishment of a value chain To analyze a value chain, a company's…

Lean Management

Lean management also has several sub-categories, such as lean thinking, lean production and lean supply chain. It describes various methods and procedures to optimally plan the processes of the value chain for industrial goods. The goal of this…

Definition – Transshipment logistics

Goods handling is a function of intralogistics and takes place between the external goods flow and the internal material flow. The cargo of a means of transport is loaded onto an internal means of transport or vice versa, i.e. from an internal means…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing and allocating replenishment is one of the tasks of supply chain management. By using a warehouse management system, it can be ensured before starting a…

Overview of common manufacturing principles

Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to forecasts, without specific sales order With other products production only starts after the reception of a sales order. Push and pull systems…

Push system and pull system in supply chains

Supply chain management refers to the value chain from the supplier to the end consumer. Depending on the direction of the supply chain, there are two systems. The push system and the pull system. A company can trigger the production or delivery of…

Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover…

Movement strategies within warehouse operations

The aim of utilising movement strategies is to adhere to specified guidelines in warehouse…

Production, dispatch and intralogistics: the rush order

A rush order is an order - in production, shipping or in intralogistics - which for various reasons…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution.…

Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic…

Cyber-physical systems and logistics

Cyber-physical systems, or CPS for short, are system units or components that are linked together…

Logistics management and the supply chain

The integrated planning, organization, management, processing and control of the entire flow of…

Vogel’s approximation method

The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in…

The screw conveyor / spiral conveyor for bulk material

Transport systems are needed in warehouses to transport goods. For this purpose, there are various…

Picking method Pick-by-robot

The picking type Pick-by-Robot means the picking of goods, carried out by so-called…

Multicopter: Drones as parcel carriers of the future

Goods delivery by automated or even autonomous drones? What we know at best as a vision from…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise…

Logistics – Definition

The term logistics stands for the planning, control and monitoring of the material and immaterial…

Effects of shipping options on loyalty to the online store

Buying on the Internet offers almost endless possibilities and shipping options. Whether books,…

Conveying aids in intralogistics

In intralogistics, conveying equipment is used to combine individual goods into larger load units.…

Order picking times – Dead time

Dead time is an unproductive but unavoidable so-called auxiliary time, which arises during picking…

The (hanging) bag sorter

The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems.…

The picking travel time

The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch;…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width,…

Last-mile logistics in e-commerce – challenges and solutions

Online commerce has shown considerable growth in the past decades. The B2C sector in particular…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part I

Surely you use a navigation system. So then you are already relying on the performance of ants and…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and…

CMR: the consignment note

The term CMR comes from the French, Convention relative au Contrat de transport international de…

What can logistics accomplish?

In recent decades, the term "logistics" has developed into a general term. This is a good thing.…

Material flow control as a service for a distribution center

Material flow control, also known as material flow computer or material flow control system (MFCS),…

Cut-off time in intralogistics

In intralogistics, the cut-off time describes the time at which an order must leave the warehouse…

The Newsvendor Model in SCM

Many supply chain management (SCM) approaches can be explained using the Newsvendor Model (NVM).…

Ant algorithm

Function and advantages of the ant algorithm

The Ant Algorithm, also often called Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) in the literature, is an…

The cost of unused opportunities in supply chain management

No company can afford not to have the cost side under control. The figures from financial…

Definition – The Milk Run Concept

The milk run concept is a method for optimizing inter-company procurement logistics, often used in…

Buffer line

A buffer section is used to intercept jams within the material flow, to avoid bottlenecks and idle…

Information in intralogistics

Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The…

Returns processing

Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered - mostly - online. They…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market…

Modularization of materials handling equipment – approach to a standardized system architecture

The current market development shows the following challenges: New component technologies require…

Lean Production

Lean Production describes a method with the goal to react quickly to outside influences on…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively…

Order throughput time

When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is…

Temperature-controlled logistics (environmental measurement)

The market for temperature-controlled logistics in particular has been growing in volume over the…

Production management

According to business economist Werner Kern, production management is an operational service…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored,…

Definition – Value chain

A value chain describes how value is created through a chain of activities and combined in…

Lean Management

Lean management also has several sub-categories, such as lean thinking, lean production and lean…

Definition – Transshipment logistics

Goods handling is a function of intralogistics and takes place between the external goods flow and…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing…

Overview of common manufacturing principles

Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to…

Push system and pull system in supply chains

Supply chain management refers to the value chain from the supplier to the end consumer. Depending…