Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology for the unambiguous and contact-free identification of objects (goods, living beings and states) of any kind. It enables fast and automatic data acquisition using electromagnetic waves with the…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part II

You may think estimating the weight of an ox, as described in Part 1 of this article, is hardly a complex task. But these mechanisms can be used to solve much more complex logistical problems. These are three categories of problems we typically face…

The Internet of Things (IoT) and intralogistics

The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the networking of physical objects (fitness bracelets, smart home, connected cars, industry 4.0) and the virtual world (software/Internet). Physical objects, in particular, are equipped with appropriate…

SAIL – the system architecture for intralogistics from VDI / VDMA

"Innovation and Standardization" is the title of a working group of the Intralogistics Forum of the German Engineering Federation (VDMA), which brings together renowned machine and facility manufacturers, IT companies, warehouse logistics…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is especially suitable for use as an automated small parts storage. The respective storage system dispenses with classic racks; instead, modular containers…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution. In addition to packaging materials, packaging logistics also deals with the corresponding processes and structures of packing and packaging; as a…

Two-dimensional codes: stacked codes, matrix codes, QR code, DataMatrix code

The one-dimensional bar code is commonly used to label goods and services. However, since the data density of such codes is low, applications intended for this purpose use two-dimensional codes (2D codes or 2D barcodes) whose data capacity exceeds…

Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic decision. A basic distinction is made between centralized and decentralized locations, which can have different effects on logistics costs (see also…

The production cycle

In a broader sense, a production cycle is the production process that begins with the raw materials and ends with the finished product. In a narrower and above all in a business context, the cycle describes the length of time a product remains or is…

Inventory in companies and in logistics

In the inventory, the assets of a company are determined on a key date; in this way, assets and liabilities are specifically documented. Such an inventory is a prerequisite for correct bookkeeping and accounting.

Uses of Blockchain technology in logistics / intralogistics

Blockchain is an enabling technology. Just like the Internet, it harbors technological properties that can be used in a variety of ways and whose future uses and applications are not yet definite. At its core, a blockchain is a list of data records…

The Jidoka principle in production and logistics

The Jidoka principle describes the ability of a machine, a plant or an entire system to switch itself off in case of errors, quality and production problems. Jidoka forms the second supporting pillar in the Toyota Production System (TPS) alongside…

Set-up time in production and intralogistics

If a machine or a production site, i.e. individual facilities or entire production lines, is set up for a special processing operation and equipped with the necessary tools, the duration of this changeover is referred to as set-up time. Usually, the…

Vogel’s approximation method

The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in distribution logistics, for example to solve a transport problem. It belongs to the field of mathematically oriented statistics, also called operations…

CPFR – Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment

CPFR stands for Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment and is a further development of Efficient Consumer Response (ECR), known from supply chain management. CPFR requires that all information along the value chain is brought together…

The picking time in intralogistics

The picking process itself and the associated picking time are usually a conglomerate of personnel- and cost-intensive processes, whose complexity depends on the business processes of the company. The picking time is the time required to complete a…

Picking method Pick-by-robot

The picking type Pick-by-Robot means the picking of goods, carried out by so-called perception-controlled logistics robots - without human intervention. Perception-controlled logistics robots are a further development of autonomous systems that…

Human-machine interfaces in the industry

The human-machine interface represents the analog or digital interaction interface between a person, i.e. a user, and a machine. It is a part of human-machine communication (also human-machine interaction). In its simplest form, this interface can…

The picking method Pick-by-Vision

Pick-by-Vision is a picking process in which a picker uses data glasses and context-related information to compile articles or goods for customer or production orders. The data glasses, also known as smart glasses, not only continuously supply the…

Augmented Reality in logistics and service

Augmented Reality (AR) describes the computer-aided extension of human perception of reality. From the users point of view, the real and virtual worlds merge with each other. The advantage: Through the use of cameras, sensors and high-resolution…

Key figure system in intralogistics

Although a complete bundling of all key figures arising in warehouse and distribution systems is possible nowadays, it is difficult due to the multi-layered nature of complex systems. Using a predefined key figure system, it is possible to compare…

The (hanging) bag sorter

The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems. A (hanging) bag sorter system makes it possible to transport hanging and flat packed goods fully automatically on the same line - even classic…

The picking travel time

The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch; measured from the starting point of picking via the picking locations to the delivery point - depending on the picking method, including the way back to…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width, height and depth. It covers two different topological aspects. On the one hand the overall structure of the warehouse and thus the positions of the…

The process-oriented warehouse planning

The process-oriented warehouse planning already takes into account in detail key positions relevant for planning such as assortment or stored goods, loading unit, and storage type during the so-called conceptual planning (planning lead time).…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part I

Surely you use a navigation system. So then you are already relying on the performance of ants and swarm intelligence. Why? Because the current navigation systems are programmed with the so-called ant algorithm and this shows you the "best" way from…

Optimization through process chain management

Process chain management serves to organize business processes in intralogistics and other industrial segments. According to Otto Schlichtherle, Logistics IT Consulting, it combines process-oriented thinking with the alignment of processes with the…

Ergonomics in the warehouse

Ergonomics in the warehouse aims at the adaptation and creation of workstations which, taking into account the human physique, enable the worker to carry out activities as comfortably as possible. At first glance, the aspect of cost-effectiveness…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and administration of stocks (see also Inventory Management) and storage locations within closed operations (e.g. distribution centers or manufacturing plants). It…

Material flow control as a service for a distribution center

Material flow control, also known as material flow computer or material flow control system (MFCS), is very often described as an order management directly assigned to materials handling equipment. However, this view does not do justice to the task…

Cut-off time in intralogistics

In intralogistics, the cut-off time describes the time at which an order must leave the warehouse and be transferred to the carrier so that it can still be delivered within a predefined period of time. On the other hand, a retailer understands…

Function and advantages of the ant algorithm

The Ant Algorithm, also often called Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) in the literature, is an algorithm for the approximate solution of complex optimization problems. This method of combinatorial optimization, also known as metaheuristics, is based on…

Buffer line

A buffer section is used to intercept jams within the material flow, to avoid bottlenecks and idle time within different processes and to collect inventories for forwarding. It can be integrated fully automatically into the flow of goods, but can…

Information in intralogistics

Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The receiver can be either a human or a machine. The sent or received information does not contain irrelevant or redundant transmissions. In the…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market is continuously guaranteed despite market fluctuations. This avoids transport and idle times and distributes the time needed for materials over the…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively within a logistics network. This can be a warehouse, a transshipment point or both in combination. Usually it is the combination in which goods are…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored, transferred and retrieved. The storage, transfer and retrieval performance of a storage system depends on the following factors of the storage equipment…

Continuous conveyor / discontinuous conveyor

Both the continuous conveyor and the discontinuous conveyor belong to the conveyor technology category. Both systems are used to transport goods from one place to another. They differ in that the continuous conveyor generates a constant transport…

The importance of material flow

According to VDI, "material flow" is the interlinking of all processes involved in extracting, processing and distributing goods within defined areas. Material flow includes all forms of the passage of work objects (e.g. materials, parts, data…

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology for the unambiguous and contact-free…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part II

You may think estimating the weight of an ox, as described in Part 1 of this article, is hardly a…

The Internet of Things (IoT) and intralogistics

The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the networking of physical objects (fitness bracelets, smart…

SAIL – the system architecture for intralogistics from VDI / VDMA

"Innovation and Standardization" is the title of a working group of the Intralogistics Forum of the…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution.…

Two-dimensional codes: stacked codes, matrix codes, QR code, DataMatrix code

The one-dimensional bar code is commonly used to label goods and services. However, since the data…

Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic…

The production cycle

In a broader sense, a production cycle is the production process that begins with the raw materials…

Inventory in companies and in logistics

In the inventory, the assets of a company are determined on a key date; in this way, assets and…

Uses of Blockchain technology in logistics / intralogistics

Blockchain is an enabling technology. Just like the Internet, it harbors technological properties…

The Jidoka principle in production and logistics

The Jidoka principle describes the ability of a machine, a plant or an entire system to switch…

Set-up time in production and intralogistics

If a machine or a production site, i.e. individual facilities or entire production lines, is set up…

Vogel’s approximation method

The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in…

CPFR – Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment

CPFR stands for Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment and is a further development…

The picking time in intralogistics

The picking process itself and the associated picking time are usually a conglomerate of personnel-…

Picking method Pick-by-robot

The picking type Pick-by-Robot means the picking of goods, carried out by so-called…

Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstelle

Human-machine interfaces in the industry

The human-machine interface represents the analog or digital interaction interface between a…

The picking method Pick-by-Vision

Pick-by-Vision is a picking process in which a picker uses data glasses and context-related…

Augmented Reality in logistics and service

Augmented Reality (AR) describes the computer-aided extension of human perception of reality. From…

Key figure system in intralogistics

Although a complete bundling of all key figures arising in warehouse and distribution systems is…

The (hanging) bag sorter

The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems.…

The picking travel time

The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch;…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width,…

The process-oriented warehouse planning

The process-oriented warehouse planning already takes into account in detail key positions relevant…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part I

Surely you use a navigation system. So then you are already relying on the performance of ants and…

Optimization through process chain management

Process chain management serves to organize business processes in intralogistics and other…

Ergonomics in the warehouse

Ergonomics in the warehouse aims at the adaptation and creation of workstations which, taking into…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and…

Material flow control as a service for a distribution center

Material flow control, also known as material flow computer or material flow control system (MFCS),…

Cut-off time in intralogistics

In intralogistics, the cut-off time describes the time at which an order must leave the warehouse…

Ant algorithm

Function and advantages of the ant algorithm

The Ant Algorithm, also often called Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) in the literature, is an…

Buffer line

A buffer section is used to intercept jams within the material flow, to avoid bottlenecks and idle…

Information in intralogistics

Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored,…

Continuous conveyor / discontinuous conveyor

Both the continuous conveyor and the discontinuous conveyor belong to the conveyor technology…

The importance of material flow

According to VDI, "material flow" is the interlinking of all processes involved in extracting,…