Planning and organization of a warehouse

  • Rack zones – Overview

    A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking zones. This usually results in four racking zones, which are named as follows from bottom...

  • Set-up time in production and intralogistics

    If a machine or a production site, i.e. individual facilities or entire production lines, is set up for a special processing operation and equipped with the necessary tools, the duration...

  • Enterprise Resource Planning – the five most important questions when...

    An Enterprise Resource Planning System (ERP for short) is used in many different sized companies. It helps both start-ups and medium-sized companies as well as large corporations to make business...

  • The end of the 6 Rs of logistics? – Part

    The tasks of logistics and the logistician are memorably explained with the famous 6 Rs. The 6 Rs of logistics are the so-called “six right ones”: the right products in...

  • Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

    The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover coefficient, expresses how often an average inventory is completely withdrawn and replaced in a given period (usually...

  • Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

    With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed simultaneously. Compared to order-oriented, serial picking, this means the following: Larger orders are split before the picking...

  • Kanban system

    The Kanban system is a planning system for production control. the Kanban system is often split into material flow and replenishment are controlled starting from the processing location, based on...

  • The Bullwhip effect

    The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains – mostly in so-called fragmented supply chains. It can be localised thanks to fluctuations in production planning and...

  • Assortment width and assortment depth

    The assortment available in a warehouse and in the retail trade is subdivided into the assortment dimensions assortment width and assortment depth. The assortment width describes the range of different...

  • Decision making for discontinuous conveyors

    In a transport system that does not convey continuously, the decision as to whether a transport object can be transferred from one location to another is made directly in the...

  • Rack zones – viewing zone

    A rack can be divided into vertical rack based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The viewing zone starts at an average height of 1.40...

  • picking due to the quick removal of goods and the easy removal of goods means that little energy is consumed by employees.

    Rack zones – gripping zone

    A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The gripping zone starts at an average height of 60...

  • rack area is called the bending zone. It reaches an average height of 60 - 80 cm. In the bending zone, goods with low turnover are often stored. However, the expected turnover is not the only decisive factor for goods placement. The storage zone close to the floor is also suitable as a storage location for heavy and large-volume goods.

    Rack zones – bending zone

    A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The lowest rack area is called the bending zone. It...

  • Just-in-time – Definition

    “Just-in-time” refers to a type of delivery in which the required goods are delivered on time and in exact quantities in order to keep warehousing at the processing location as...

  • Single-stage order picking – order-oriented, serial picking

    With order-oriented, serial picking, order items are successively processed according to orders. Either an order picker passes through all warehouse zones or an order is transferred from an order picker...

  • The Milk Run Concept

    The milk run concept is a method for optimizing inter-company procurement logistics, often used in conjunction with just-in-time production. Based on existing consumption values, it describes a logistics supply cycle...

  • Manufacturing principles

    Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to forecasts, without specific sales order With other products production only starts after the reception of a sales...

  • Storage techniques in intralogistics

    Depending on the nature of the stored goods and the frequency of use, different storage techniques are suitable. Different techniques can also be used in one building. Storage techniques can...

  • Functions of the warehouse

    When considering the functions of a bearing, the purpose of the bearing arrangement is in the foreground. The definition is made up of the subitems security and staging function, clearing...

  • Storage maintenance costs – warehousing costs or storage costs

    Trading companies and manufacturing companies usually have a warehouse or distribution centre. Raw materials and supplies, intermediate products, semi-finished products, finished products and spare parts are stored there. The storage...

  • Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

    In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic decision. A basic distinction is made between centralized and decentralized locations, which can have different effects on logistics costs...

  • Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants...

    You may think estimating the weight of an ox, as described in Part 1 of this article, is hardly a complex task. But these mechanisms can be used to solve...

  • When risk minimization becomes a risk in logistics

    Logistical decisions are ultimately economic decisions. This applies, for example, to major investments in warehouse and conveyor technology. Once all possible technical, informational and organizational questions have been clarified, managers...

  • SAIL – the system architecture for intralogistics from VDI /

    “Innovation and Standardization” is the title of a working group of the Intralogistics Forum of the German Engineering Federation (VDMA), which brings together renowned machine and facility manufacturers, IT companies,...

  • The Jidoka principle in production and logistics

    The Jidoka principle describes the ability of a machine, a plant or an entire system to switch itself off in case of errors, quality and production problems. Jidoka forms the...

  • Logistics management and the supply chain

    The integrated planning, organization, management, processing and control of the entire flow of materials and goods and the corresponding information flow is called logistics management. This is not a tangible...

  • Vogel’s approximation method

    The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in distribution logistics, for example to solve a transport problem. It belongs to the field of...

  • Kanban and swarm intelligence at management level

    In manufacturing and industry, a supply concept called Kanban(Japanese for card or sign), invented and developed by Taichi Ohno in the Toyota factories of the 1950s, has established itself worldwide....

  • The control center in intralogistics

    The control panel in intralogistics represents a central point of a warehouse management system and supports the employees responsible in the entire warehouse operation control process. In addition to the...

  • Smart Data

    Smart Data stands for the detailed and structured result of an analysis of unstructured data masses (Big Data). Every smart data information is an explicit fact. These are also known...

  • The Supply Chain Management (SCM)

    Supply chain management (SCM) stands for the monitoring process as well as the coordination and control of the supply chain (value chain). This involves the allocation of all materials, information...

  • Order picking – process steps

    Picking stands for the combination of predefined orders from a warehouse assortment. The process steps that are carried out during picking include, for example, transferring the picking order and retrieving...

  • The storage location management

    The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width, height and depth. It covers two different topological aspects. On the one hand the overall...

  • The process-oriented warehouse planning

    The process-oriented warehouse planning already takes into account in detail key positions relevant for planning such as assortment or stored goods, loading unit, and storage type during the so-called conceptual...

  • Materials management in production and logistics

    Materials management controls the material flow within a company as well as order-related material flows to customers and suppliers. As a rule, the focus is on the business management and...

  • Optimization through process chain management

    Process chain management serves to organize business processes in intralogistics and other industrial segments. According to Otto Schlichtherle, Logistics IT Consulting, it combines process-oriented thinking with the alignment of processes...

  • Ergonomics in the warehouse

    Ergonomics in the warehouse aims at the adaptation and creation of workstations which, taking into account the human physique, enable the worker to carry out activities as comfortably as possible....

  • Specifications and requirement documents in intralogistics

    The specification sheet generally contains the project requirements predefined and described in detail by the client, which in his or her view are necessary to successfully implement all requirements of...

  • Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

    TheWarehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and administration of stocks (see also Inventory Management) and storage locations within closed operations (e.g. distribution centers or manufacturing...

  • Picking times – base time

    In picking, the base time is the time required for picking. It only describes organisational activities before and after each picking process. Picking basically represents the order-related combination of articles...

  • Material flow control as a service for a distribution center

    Material flow control, also known as material flow computer or material flow control system (MFCS), is very often described as an order management directly assigned to materials handling equipment. However,...

  • The cost of unused opportunities in supply chain management

    No company can afford not to have the cost side under control. The figures from financial accounting serve as the basis for this. In many cases, the figures for the...

  • The degree of utilisation/the capacity utilisation

    The degree of capacity utilisation describes the proportion of the capacity used by resources/operating resources (plant, machinery, employees, energy) measured against the total available capacity – always in relation to...

  • Buffer line

    A buffer section is used to intercept jams within the material flow, to avoid bottlenecks and idle time within different processes and to collect inventories for forwarding. It can be...

  • Returns processing

    Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered – mostly – online. They are processed and handled by the distribution centeraccording to the client’s specifications. Looking at returns...

  • Storage capacity/storage economy

    Storage capacity is defined as the maximum number of loading units that a warehouse can hold. It also represents the actual capacity of a warehouse. It directly relates to the...

  • Order throughput time

    When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is completed. For each of these individual processes, the lead time is measured. If...

  • Production management

    According to business economist Werner Kern, production management is an operational service provision. “Production is any kind of internal transformation of goods into higher-value goods”. In his opinion, terms such...

  • Master data

    In intralogistics, master data, also known as primary data or reference data, is data that contains operationally relevant information. This includes information about products, suppliers and customers, for example. Individual...

  • Storage and retrieval machine

    A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored, transferred and retrieved. The storage, transfer and retrieval performance of a storage system...

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