Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking zones. This usually results in four racking zones, which are named as follows from bottom to top Bending zone Gripping zone Viewing zone Stretch…

Putaway processes in logistics

In the putaway business process, articles are picked up, transported and stored in the warehouse. The articles can be identified and assigned to a storage location using labels that were previously attached in the business process Goods Receipt.…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks of a certain article within a particular article within a certain time. The range of storage indicates how long a stock will last to fulfil existing…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover coefficient, expresses how often an average inventory is completely withdrawn and replaced in a given period (usually a financial year). As a key figure, it can…

Movement strategies within warehouse operations

The aim of utilising movement strategies is to adhere to specified guidelines in warehouse operations and, at the same time, achieve the best possible throughput performance. The respective movement strategy determines in which arrangement stacker…

Out-of-Stock – the gap in the shelf

Out-of-stock typically refers to a shelf space in the stationary retail trade which no longer contains the intended article. The delimitation to the concept of shortage is that out-of-stocks (OOS) is exclusively the direct relationship between the…

Insulated packaging: Maintaining the cold chain in the supply chain

Insulated packaging is used for products that are sensitive to temperature or environmental influences (see Temperature-controlled logistics). As a rule, they primarily ensure continuous compliance with the requirements of the cold chain within the…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise management, which contributes to the overall efficiency of the material flow if it is integrated as well as possible into the existing warehouse management…

Conveying aids in intralogistics

In intralogistics, conveying equipment is used to combine individual goods into larger load units. In general, the following definition applies: intralogistics uses conveying equipment to protect different goods, make them ready for loading,…

The (hanging) bag sorter

The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems. A (hanging) bag sorter system makes it possible to transport hanging and flat packed goods fully automatically on the same line - even classic…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width, height and depth. It covers two different topological aspects. On the one hand the overall structure of the warehouse and thus the positions of the…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and administration of stocks (see also Inventory Management) and storage locations within closed operations (e.g. distribution centers or manufacturing plants). It…

Storage capacity/storage economy

Storage capacity is defined as the maximum number of loading units that a warehouse can hold. It also represents the actual capacity of a warehouse. It directly relates to the size of the storage area, the height of the warehouse (usable space), the…

Host system (ERP system)

The host system (usually an ERP system) is a central data processing system that can be accessed simultaneously by different computer systems and programs. Furthermore, in most cases the database(s) is/are also installed on the host. A host can be…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market is continuously guaranteed despite market fluctuations. This avoids transport and idle times and distributes the time needed for materials over the…

Assortment width and assortment depth

The assortment available in a warehouse and in the retail trade is subdivided into the assortment dimensions assortment width and assortment depth. The assortment width describes the range of different merchandise, the assortment depth the variety…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively within a logistics network. This can be a warehouse, a transshipment point or both in combination. Usually it is the combination in which goods are…

Overview – Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC)

Each shipping unit, which can be a pallet or a carton, for example, is automatically assigned a "Serial Shipping Container Code" (prev. "Serial Shipping Container Code" (SSCC)). This is a globally unique and unmistakable sequence of digits that…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored, transferred and retrieved. The storage, transfer and retrieval performance of a storage system depends on the following factors of the storage equipment…

Material throughput time

The material throughput time is the time required to run through all business processes, for example, in a warehouse or distribution centre. The calculation of the lead time begins with Goods receipt and ends when the material is made available for…

Mobile and stationary loading units

Loading units are collections of goods that are transported, transhipped or stored as they pass through the supply chain. In contrast to stationary units, mobile units can be freely transported, stacked and moved. Mobile loading units Good examples…

Overview of “Last-in-First-out” and “First-in-First-out” storage strategies

LIFO (last-in-first-out) and FIFO (first-in-first-out) are two different strategies for storing and retrieving goods. What is Last-in-first-out? The last-in-first-out principle describes a storage strategy in which the goods that were put into…

Definition – Automatic small parts warehouse

An "automated small parts warehouse" (AS/RS) is a storage system in which small-volume units such as screws or electronic parts are stored. Small parts warehouses are always automated in comparison to high-bay warehouses. An AS/RS consists of the…

Rack zones – bending zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The lowest rack area is called the bending zone. It reaches an average height of 60 - 80 cm. In the bending zone, goods with low turnover are often…

Rack zones – gripping zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The gripping zone starts at an average height of 60 - 80 cm and reaches up to a height of 1.40 - 1.60 m. Employees can reach the gripping zone without…

Rack zones – viewing zone

A rack can be divided into vertical rack based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m). The viewing zone starts at an average height of 1.40 - 1.60 m and reaches up to 1.80 m depending on the height. The viewing zone is the storage area at…

Cross-docking

There are different types of handling goods in the shipping area. One of these is called cross-docking and is a form of cross-connection. The most striking characteristic of this type of transhipment is that cross-docking does not involve storage.…

Application of a storage location management solution

With a growing warehouse, usually not only the number of articles increases, but often a dynamic in the article assortment is created. Items are regularly removed from the assortment, substitutional items are replaced and completely new products are…

The definition of the term “Storage”

The storage process can be divided into further sub-processes for better comprehension. On the first level these are the processes storage space management and inventory management. Storage location management The storage location management is…

External storage

In the case of external storage, storage takes place outside the company. The counterpart is the internal or self storage. Taking into account various costs, such as warehouse operating and inventory costs, a break-even analysis can provide…

Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking…

Putaway processes in logistics

In the putaway business process, articles are picked up, transported and stored in the warehouse.…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover…

Movement strategies within warehouse operations

The aim of utilising movement strategies is to adhere to specified guidelines in warehouse…

Out-of-Stock – the gap in the shelf

Out-of-stock typically refers to a shelf space in the stationary retail trade which no longer…

Insulated packaging: Maintaining the cold chain in the supply chain

Insulated packaging is used for products that are sensitive to temperature or environmental…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise…

Conveying aids in intralogistics

In intralogistics, conveying equipment is used to combine individual goods into larger load units.…

The (hanging) bag sorter

The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems.…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width,…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and…

Storage capacity/storage economy

Storage capacity is defined as the maximum number of loading units that a warehouse can hold. It…

Host system (ERP system)

The host system (usually an ERP system) is a central data processing system that can be accessed…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market…

Assortment width and assortment depth

The assortment available in a warehouse and in the retail trade is subdivided into the assortment…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively…

Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC)

Overview – Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC)

Each shipping unit, which can be a pallet or a carton, for example, is automatically assigned a…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored,…

Material throughput time

The material throughput time is the time required to run through all business processes, for…

Mobile and stationary loading units

Loading units are collections of goods that are transported, transhipped or stored as they pass…

Overview of “Last-in-First-out” and “First-in-First-out” storage strategies

LIFO (last-in-first-out) and FIFO (first-in-first-out) are two different strategies for storing and…

Definition – Automatic small parts warehouse

An "automated small parts warehouse" (AS/RS) is a storage system in which small-volume units such…

Rack zones – bending zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m).…

Rack zones – gripping zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m).…

Rack zones – viewing zone

A rack can be divided into vertical rack based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m).…

Cross-docking

There are different types of handling goods in the shipping area. One of these is called…

Application of a storage location management solution

With a growing warehouse, usually not only the number of articles increases, but often a dynamic in…

The definition of the term “Storage”

The storage process can be divided into further sub-processes for better comprehension. On the…

External storage

In the case of external storage, storage takes place outside the company. The counterpart is the…