This glossary is based on data from logipedia, kindly provided by the Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics IML. The authors Michael ten Hompel (eds.) and Volker Heidenblut hold the complete copyrights of all glossary contents.

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  • Automatic small parts warehouse
    Miniload warehouse (automatic small parts warehouse) is an automatic system for the storage of small-volume units, mostly containers, with low to medium weight. If containers or other units are stored on trays, this is also called tray storage. It is operated by rail-guided stacker cranes(...)
  • Definition - Benchmarking
    Benchmarking refers to a systematic comparison of performance based on objective performance criteria. It also describes the assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of a company, measured against a benchmark, which is a reference value resulting from a performance comparison. It(...)
  • Definition - Batch
    A batch is (in addition to the continuous article number) an additional identifier of the article units, since despite following the respective formula, unacceptable differences can arise for the customer from production batch to production batch (e.g. tinting of wallpaper or wool) or, due to(...)
  • Definition - Batch size
    Batch size defines the number of a product variant that is produced without changeover or interruption of the production process. Batch size is also the number of pieces of goods that are scheduled within an order. Source: logipedia / Fraunhofer IML
  • Definition - Forklift
    A Forklift is an industrial truck that is used especially for lifting and moving pallets. The characteristic feature is that the load is picked up and moved outside the wheel base. In order to prevent the vehicle from tipping over the front axle, the load must be supported by a counterweight.(...)
  • Definition of the value chain
    The value chain is a management concept by Michael E. Porter that portrays companies as a collection of value-adding activities that consume resources and are linked to each other via processes. Source: logipedia / Fraunhofer IML
  • Definition - Order-picking robot
    An order-picking robot is a robot for pick-and-place operations on the retrieval side of a storage solution. Source: logipedia / Fraunhofer IML
  • E-Commerce
    E-Commerce is the collective term for all activities on the Internet with regard to trade in goods, services and information. The spectrum can range from product information, customer inquiries and orders to payment transactions. E-C. is often used synonymously with the term e-business, which(...)
  • Europool pallet
    (in short: Euro pallet; basic dimensions 800 x 1,200 mm) is supported by the European pallet pool. The purpose and aim of the pool is to enable an uninterrupted transport chain with pallets of equal quality, safety and therefore exchangeability. In Germany, the European Pallet Association(...)
  • High-bay warehouse
    (abbr. HBW; High bay warehouse, high-bay storage facility is a storage type with the following characteristics: Rack height from about twelve meters Rail-bound storage and retrieval machines Silo construction Mostly automatic operation With the HBW, large construction(...)
  • Key Performance Indicator
    Key performance indicators (abbr. KPI) are indicators at a high level of aggregation, which can be used to directly assess the current performance and functionality of a system. See also Benchmarking and Supply Chain Operations Reference Scheme. A KPI is also is an agreed-upon quality(...)
  • Order lead time
    Order lead time is derived from the partial times of the affected functional areas and workstations. A distinction can be made between physical and information technology processes. Source: logipedia / Fraunhofer IML
  • Packing material
    Packing material is the term for material used to wrap and hold together packaged goods for shipping, storage and sales purposes (DIN 55405). Source: logipedia / Fraunhofer IML
  • Procurement logistics
    Procurement logistics refers to the totality of logistical tasks and measures for the preparation and execution of the flow of goods from purchasing to transport to goods receipt. Cf. e-procurement. Source: logipedia / Fraunhofer IML
  • Production Logistics
    Production logistics comprises all logistical activities, measures and topics that result from the provision of inventory or services. It is a link in the logistics chain between procurement logistics and sales logistics. Examples of P.'s activities are planning, control, transport and storage(...)
  • Return
    A return is a customer return delivery, which under certain circumstances is connected with complaints regarding missing articles or quantities, wrong articles, quality and packaging defects, etc. In the mail-order business, the return is one of the planned business processes, because e.g. in(...)
  • Single Point of Truth
    The term "Single Point of Truth" (SPOT) or "Single Source of Truth (SSOT) is a structural principle for data management. It refers to a central data platform that is accessed by all other information systems that are part of the system. The aim is to create a single, generally valid data set(...)
  • SPOT
    The term "Single Point of Truth" (SPOT) or "Single Source of Truth (SSOT) is a structural principle for data management. It refers to a central data platform that is accessed by all other information systems that are part of the system. The aim is to create a single, generally valid data set(...)
  • Stock-keeping Unit
    SKU stands for stock keeping unit and is applied to articles or packaged collections of articles within a warehouse. An SKU documents all attributes associated with the product that distinguish it from others, such as manufacturer, size, color, packaging, special handling requirements,(...)
  • Three-Tier Software Architecture
    The three-tier software architecture is a layer model in client/server systems with operator interface (workstation, PC), application server and central (database) server. Source: logipedia / Fraunhofer IML
  • Value-added Services
    (abbr. VAS) are value-added services that are not part of the main activities (such as transport, handling, storage) of a logistics service provider. VAS can be of an originally logistical nature, such as transport packaging, weighing or customs handling, or of an originally non-logistical(...)
  • Zero-crossing
    Zero crossing occurs when the stock quantity of an article at a staging location is less than or equal to the upcoming withdrawal requirement. A distinction must be made between intentional and unintentional Zero-crossing. In the case of intentional Zero-crossing, booked inventory and physical(...)

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