What are you looking for?

VDI 3601 – Warehouse Management Systems

In Guideline 3601 - "Warehouse Management Systems", the Association of German Engineers (VDI) describes which requirements a Warehouse Management System (WMS) should fulfill. The VDI thus answers a question that has been around for years: When are…

Batch formation in picking

Batch formation during picking, also known as batch picking or multi-order picking, is a form of two-step picking and is used in picking forms such as series-oriented, parallel picking. Requirements from several individual orders are combined in…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored, transferred and retrieved. The storage, transfer and retrieval performance of a storage system depends on the following factors of the storage equipment…

The beginnings of logistics

Even before the invention of the wheel, materials were transported, handled and stored. Even then, the effort required especially for the material flow was enormous - initially without any degree of automation. The term intralogisticsis still quite…

Definition – Value chain

A value chain describes how value is created through a chain of activities and combined in processes. The value chain is also referred to as process chain or performance chain. Establishment of a value chain To analyze a value chain, a company's…

Sorter (Packing) – Basics

After the picking business process, the product is passed on to the sorter (packing department). However, the sorter and the downstream packing department are only available for two-stage picking. It is not required for single-stage picking, because…

Lean Management

Lean management also has several sub-categories, such as lean thinking, lean production and lean supply chain. It describes various methods and procedures to optimally plan the processes of the value chain for industrial goods. The goal of this…

Single-stage picking – basics

During picking, a certain quantity of articles is picked from an assortment and put together. Picking in a warehouse can be single-stage or multi-stage. In single-stage picking, the picker always works on an order-related basis as he moves through…

Definition – Transshipment logistics

Goods handling is a function of intralogistics and takes place between the external goods flow and the internal material flow. The cargo of a means of transport is loaded onto an internal means of transport or vice versa, i.e. from an internal means…

Picking – definition and picking methods

Picking stands for the assembly of goods and merchandise according to specified orders from an available overall assortment. Depending on the customer in question, the order can be compiled on an order-related basis or without an order. These…

Overview of common manufacturing principles

Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to forecasts, without specific sales order With other products production only starts after the reception of a sales order. Push and pull systems…

Push system and pull system in supply chains

Supply chain management refers to the value chain from the supplier to the end consumer. Depending on the direction of the supply chain, there are two systems. The push system and the pull system. A company can trigger the production or delivery of…

Advance Shipping Notice

An Advance Shipping Notice (ASN), also advice note or avis, is a piece of preliminary information on the delivery of goods or the delivery of payment. In the following, this article will use the abbreviation ASN. ASN in the movement of goods Due to…

Modernization: retrofit in intralogistics

Term retrofit refers to the modernization of machines and equipment. It includes the terms conversion, renovation, and retrofitting. In intralogistics, retrofit is used to fully exploit the potential of older facilities. Modernizations or…

Material throughput time

The material throughput time is the time required to run through all business processes, for example, in a warehouse or distribution centre. The calculation of the lead time begins with Goods receipt and ends when the material is made available for…

Time strategies: throughput and delivery time reduction

Besides the just-in-time and just-in-sequence methods, other time strategies can be used to ensure that materials are in a constant flow. A smooth material flow has a positive effect on throughput and delivery times. Cost reducing time strategies…

Mobile and stationary loading units

Loading units are collections of goods that are transported, transhipped or stored as they pass through the supply chain. In contrast to stationary units, mobile units can be freely transported, stacked and moved. Mobile loading units Good examples…

Potential analysis in intralogistics

A potential analysis is a comparison of company performance with the given expectations for said company. In logistics, it is also known as a logistics audit and is used as a future-oriented, strategic planning tool. Processes and structures of the…

Performance analysis in logistics

A performance analysis examines various service points in logistics for their contribution to value creation. This involves checking at what cost and in what quality the service points of logistics areas, such as procurement, production,…

Transport strategies: Overview

Transport strategies are used to execute existing transport orders. Transportation strategies can be used for transportation planning to route the transport units to the appropriate destinations. There are four transport strategies: station…

Continuous conveyor / discontinuous conveyor

Both the continuous conveyor and the discontinuous conveyor belong to the conveyor technology category. Both systems are used to transport goods from one place to another. They differ in that the continuous conveyor generates a constant transport…

Overview of linear sorter systems

The linear sorter, or shoe sorter, is an automated sorting and distribution system on which the goods are transported and distributed to their designated stations by a sliding mechanism. This sorting and distribution method is a continuous material…

Electronic Product Code (EPC)

The electronic product code EPC is an international product identification. Each product can thus be identified worldwide and it is intended to replace the European Article Number (EAN). The EPC is stored in an RFID transponder. The code is…

Decision making for discontinuous conveyors

In a transport system that does not convey continuously, the decision as to whether a transport object can be transferred from one location to another is made directly in the control system. In the first step, this depends solely on the physical…

Procurement logistics

Logistics encompasses all tasks for planning, controlling, providing and optimizing processes along the value chain. Procurement logistics comprises the complete view of all processes of the goods purchasing process up to the transport of goods to…

Basic warehouse planning – actual state analysis and target concept

Once the target has been set, an actual state analysis including the identification of weak points is carried out during warehouse planning. On this basis, first in the rough planning, then in the detailed planning, a target concept is created,…

Overview of “Last-in-First-out” and “First-in-First-out” storage strategies

LIFO (last-in-first-out) and FIFO (first-in-first-out) are two different strategies for storing and retrieving goods. What is Last-in-first-out? The last-in-first-out principle describes a storage strategy in which the goods that were put into…

The Kaizen System

The Kaizen system is a Japanese management system that provides for a continuous improvement process across all areas of the company through the participation of all employees. Literally translated Kai means "change, transformation" and Zen "for the…

Kanban system

The Kanban system is a planning system for production control. the Kanban system is often split into material flow and replenishment are controlled starting from the processing location, based on the goods used here. Since it is not possible to act…

Definition – Automatic small parts warehouse

An "automated small parts warehouse" (AS/RS) is a storage system in which small-volume units such as screws or electronic parts are stored. Small parts warehouses are always automated in comparison to high-bay warehouses. An AS/RS consists of the…

The degree of utilisation/the capacity utilisation

The degree of capacity utilisation describes the proportion of the capacity used by…

Definition of Accounting / Bookkeeping

The term accounting describes the comprehensive recording, storage and analysis or evaluation of…

Buffer line

A buffer section is used to intercept jams within the material flow, to avoid bottlenecks and idle…

Returns processing

Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered - mostly - online. They…

Storage capacity/storage economy

Storage capacity is defined as the maximum number of loading units that a warehouse can hold. It…

Host system (ERP system)

The host system (usually an ERP system) is a central data processing system that can be accessed…

Definition of order processing in intralogistics

Order processing includes all formal processes such as order transmission, data processing and…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market…

Assortment width and assortment depth

The assortment available in a warehouse and in the retail trade is subdivided into the assortment…

Lean Production

Lean Production describes a method with the goal to react quickly to outside influences on…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively…

Order throughput time

When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is…

The barcode – EAN, GTIN and GS1 standard

Barcodes have successfully established themselves over other systems in recent years. The barcode…

The identifier can hold unique information about the inventory.

Overview and definition of ident carriers

In order to be able to identify an object without any doubt throughout the entire logistics chain,…

Production management

According to business economist Werner Kern, production management is an operational service…

Data Mart: the local warehouse database analysis

Data mart describes the use of a database that is only a department-specific part of the overall…

Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC)

Overview – Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC)

Each shipping unit, which can be a pallet or a carton, for example, is automatically assigned a…

Defintion and advantages of consignment

The term consignment refers to a form of delivery of goods in which the supplier acts as consignor…

FEM 9.831 Berechnungsgrundlagen für RBG-Hochregallager

FEM 9.831 Calculation basis for stacker cranes for high-bay warehouses

FEM 9.831 is a standard for the use of stacker cranes in high-bay warehouses. The standard…

Distance selling contract

A distance contract is a contract concluded between an entrepreneur and a consumer by means of…

Definition of Same Day Delivery

Same Day Delivery means that inventory is delivered on the same day it was ordered. Ordered today,…

Master data

In intralogistics, master data, also known as primary data or reference data, is data that contains…

Also available in Deutsch (German)