Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics (IML)

The Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics (IML), founded in 1981, addresses current logistics issues of high economic, ecological and social relevance. The institute, based in Dortmund, has made a name for itself in Germany as a leading authority in holistically oriented logistics research. With a market volume of 223 billion euros and 2.8 million employees, logistics is the third strongest economic sector in Germany. Efficient logistics networks ensure economic growth and participation in international economic processes.

The Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics offers extensive research and development infrastructure

The institute maintains an extensive research and development infrastructure on site, such as the LivingLab Cellular Transport Systems or the Innovation Laboratory ‘Hybrid Services in Logistics’. The Fraunhofer IML pushes the digitalization of logistics together with industry in numerous research and innovation projects as well as in the new Enterprise Labs – think tanks of applied logistics research.

The Fraunhofer IML’s members are Prof. Michael ten Hompel (Managing Director, Department of Material Flow Systems), Prof. Uwe Clausen (Department of Logistics, Transport and Environment) and Prof. Michael Henke (Department of Corporate Logistics). 260 scientists as well as 250 doctoral candidates and students, supported by employees in workshops, laboratories and service areas, work at the institute in all fields of internal and external logistics.



What is Business Intelligence – structure, requirements, advantages and disadvantages

Business Intelligence - Definition Traditionally, Business Intelligence (BI) is a collective term for methods and processes for the systematic analysis of data. Companies use this instrument to make their business processes and customer and supplier…

Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking zones. This usually results in four racking zones, which are named as follows from bottom to top Bending zone Gripping zone Viewing zone Stretch…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover coefficient, expresses how often an average inventory is completely withdrawn and replaced in a given period (usually a financial year). As a key figure, it can…

Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed simultaneously. Compared to order-oriented, serial picking, this means the following: Larger orders are split before the picking and carried out in different…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains - mostly in so-called fragmented supply chains. It can be localised thanks to fluctuations in production planning and logistics planning (price…

Putaway processes in logistics

In the putaway business process, articles are picked up, transported and stored in the warehouse. The articles can be identified and assigned to a storage location using labels that were previously attached in the business process Goods Receipt.…

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology for the unambiguous and contact-free identification of objects (goods, living beings and states) of any kind. It enables fast and automatic data acquisition using electromagnetic waves with the…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks of a certain article within a particular article within a certain time. The range of storage indicates how long a stock will last to fulfil existing…

Definition and overview of goods issue in intralogistics

Just as with goods receipt, goods issue is an interface between internal and external materials management. Here, goods are provided from the warehouse, quality and identity are (re-)checked, and the necessary documents are prepared. Finished…

Goods Receipt in intralogistics – definition and overview

The design and scope of the goods receipt are relevant for the performance of a warehouse. If the goods receipt is incorrectly planned or poorly organized, this can lead to disruptions in operations. In the business process of goods receipt,…

Movement strategies within warehouse operations

The aim of utilising movement strategies is to adhere to specified guidelines in warehouse operations and, at the same time, achieve the best possible throughput performance. The respective movement strategy determines in which arrangement stacker…

Allocation strategies for warehouse and picking systems/warehouse operation strategies

In a company, it is vital to set goals before developing strategies and to monitor their consistency and achievability continually. In logistics, there are strategies for planning new systems, implementing them and optimising existing systems during…

Adaptive IT in intralogistics as a tool for digital transformation

Adaptive IT describes a modular system for modelling software. Individual software components can be added or removed as required without affecting the existing system. This concept allows for a very high degree of flexibility in the planning of a…

Storage techniques in intralogistics

Depending on the nature of the stored goods and the frequency of use, different storage techniques are suitable. Different techniques can also be used in one building. Overview - dynamic and static storage systems in intralogistics Storage…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part II

You may think estimating the weight of an ox, as described in Part 1 of this article, is hardly a complex task. But these mechanisms can be used to solve much more complex logistical problems. These are three categories of problems we typically face…

When risk minimization becomes a risk in logistics

Logistical decisions are ultimately economic decisions. This applies, for example, to major investments in warehouse and conveyor technology. Once all possible technical, informational and organizational questions have been clarified, managers in…

Cloud computing: IT infrastructures and logistics

Cloud computing describes the provision of IT infrastructure. These can consist of servers, storage, software, databases, network components and artificial functionalities (AI). The IT infrastructures mentioned are not installed on the respective…

The Internet of Things (IoT) and intralogistics

The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the networking of physical objects (fitness bracelets, smart home, connected cars, industry 4.0) and the virtual world (software/Internet). Physical objects, in particular, are equipped with appropriate…

Point of sale / stationary trade – definition

Point of sale / stationary trade - a definition: The point of sale (PoS) is the place where the goods are offered, where the customer and the goods are brought together commercially and thus the sale or purchase or exchange can take place. The PoS…

SAIL – the system architecture for intralogistics from VDI / VDMA

"Innovation and Standardization" is the title of a working group of the Intralogistics Forum of the German Engineering Federation (VDMA), which brings together renowned machine and facility manufacturers, IT companies, warehouse logistics…

Production, dispatch and intralogistics: the rush order

A rush order is an order - in production, shipping or in intralogistics - which for various reasons has to be fulfilled faster or at shorter notice than its usual throughput time (see also order throughput time). Urgent orders can be placed by the…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is especially suitable for use as an automated small parts storage. The respective storage system dispenses with classic racks; instead, modular containers…

Enterprise Resource Planning – the five most important questions when choosing an ERP system

An Enterprise Resource Planning System (ERP for short) is used in many different sized companies. It helps both start-ups and medium-sized companies as well as large corporations to make business processes more efficient. This is achieved through…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution. In addition to packaging materials, packaging logistics also deals with the corresponding processes and structures of packing and packaging; as a…

Two-dimensional codes: stacked codes, matrix codes, QR code, DataMatrix code

The one-dimensional bar code is commonly used to label goods and services. However, since the data density of such codes is low, applications intended for this purpose use two-dimensional codes (2D codes or 2D barcodes) whose data capacity exceeds…

Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic decision. A basic distinction is made between centralized and decentralized locations, which can have different effects on logistics costs (see also…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that originates exclusively from machines, robots and cyber-physical systems. The research area AI tries to understand, emulate and mimic human perception and action. According to the field…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that emanates exclusively from machines or robots and cyber-physical systems. The research area AI tries to understand and emulate human perception and human action. According to research,…

Out-of-Stock – the gap in the shelf

Out-of-stock typically refers to a shelf space in the stationary retail trade which no longer contains the intended article. The delimitation to the concept of shortage is that out-of-stocks (OOS) is exclusively the direct relationship between the…

The production cycle

In a broader sense, a production cycle is the production process that begins with the raw materials and ends with the finished product. In a narrower and above all in a business context, the cycle describes the length of time a product remains or is…

What is Business Intelligence – structure, requirements, advantages and disadvantages

Business Intelligence - Definition Traditionally, Business Intelligence (BI) is a collective term…

Rack zones – Overview

A storage rack, both in intralogistics and retail, can be divided into different horizontal racking…

Turnover rate and Rotation of goods: Fast and slow movers

The inventory turnover, also known as the inventory turnover rate or inventory turnover…

Single-stage picking – order-oriented, parallel picking

With parallel picking, an order is divided between different picking zones and processed…

The Bullwhip effect

The bullwhip effect describes coordination and communication problems in multi-stage supply chains…

Putaway processes in logistics

In the putaway business process, articles are picked up, transported and stored in the warehouse.…

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology for the unambiguous and contact-free…

The range of storage

The range of storage is a key figure which expresses the internal security of supply by own stocks…

Definition and overview of goods issue in intralogistics

Just as with goods receipt, goods issue is an interface between internal and external materials…

Goods Receipt in intralogistics – definition and overview

The design and scope of the goods receipt are relevant for the performance of a warehouse. If the…

Movement strategies within warehouse operations

The aim of utilising movement strategies is to adhere to specified guidelines in warehouse…

Allocation strategies for warehouse and picking systems/warehouse operation strategies

In a company, it is vital to set goals before developing strategies and to monitor their…

Adaptive IT in intralogistics as a tool for digital transformation

Adaptive IT describes a modular system for modelling software. Individual software components can…

Lagerhallte mit Waren

Storage techniques in intralogistics

Depending on the nature of the stored goods and the frequency of use, different storage techniques…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part II

You may think estimating the weight of an ox, as described in Part 1 of this article, is hardly a…

When risk minimization becomes a risk in logistics

Logistical decisions are ultimately economic decisions. This applies, for example, to major…

Cloud computing: IT infrastructures and logistics

Cloud computing describes the provision of IT infrastructure. These can consist of servers,…

The Internet of Things (IoT) and intralogistics

The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the networking of physical objects (fitness bracelets, smart…

Point of sale / stationary trade – definition

Point of sale / stationary trade - a definition: The point of sale (PoS) is the place where the…

SAIL – the system architecture for intralogistics from VDI / VDMA

"Innovation and Standardization" is the title of a working group of the Intralogistics Forum of the…

Production, dispatch and intralogistics: the rush order

A rush order is an order - in production, shipping or in intralogistics - which for various reasons…

AutoStore: Storage technology from Norway

AutoStore is a Norwegian storage technology and, according to the company of the same name, is…

Enterprise Resource Planning – the five most important questions when choosing an ERP system

An Enterprise Resource Planning System (ERP for short) is used in many different sized companies.…

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of logistics; it is a link between production and distribution.…

Two-dimensional codes: stacked codes, matrix codes, QR code, DataMatrix code

The one-dimensional bar code is commonly used to label goods and services. However, since the data…

Advantages and disadvantages: centralized and decentralized warehouse

In distribution logistics, the determination of warehouse locations represents a strategic…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that originates exclusively from…

Artificial intelligence (AI) and logistics

Artificial intelligence (AI) can be defined as intelligence that emanates exclusively from machines…

Out-of-Stock – the gap in the shelf

Out-of-stock typically refers to a shelf space in the stationary retail trade which no longer…

The production cycle

In a broader sense, a production cycle is the production process that begins with the raw materials…

Inventory in companies and in logistics

In the inventory, the assets of a company are determined on a key date; in this way, assets and…

Storage maintenance costs – warehousing costs or storage costs

Trading companies and manufacturing companies usually have a warehouse or distribution centre. Raw…

The Jidoka principle in production and logistics

The Jidoka principle describes the ability of a machine, a plant or an entire system to switch…

Point of sale systems, warehouse management and branch logistics

A cash register system, also known as a POS system, is software that documents a specific financial…

Set-up time in production and intralogistics

If a machine or a production site, i.e. individual facilities or entire production lines, is set up…

Cyber-physical systems and logistics

Cyber-physical systems, or CPS for short, are system units or components that are linked together…

Logistics management and the supply chain

The integrated planning, organization, management, processing and control of the entire flow of…

Vogel’s approximation method

The approximation method according to Vogel is a heuristic procedure that is mainly used in…

The screw conveyor / spiral conveyor for bulk material

Transport systems are needed in warehouses to transport goods. For this purpose, there are various…

Opportunity costs, especially in intralogistics, are a popular means of identifying capacities in advance.

Opportunity costs in logistics

Opportunity costs, also known as alternative costs or foregone costs, express a foregone benefit in…

CPFR – Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment

CPFR stands for Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment and is a further development…

Networked Production: Computer-integrated Manufacturing

Computer-integrated manufacturing, or CIM for short, stands for computer-controlled machine and…

The picking time in intralogistics

The picking process itself and the associated picking time are usually a conglomerate of personnel-…

Picking method Pick-by-robot

The picking type Pick-by-Robot means the picking of goods, carried out by so-called…

Multicopter: Drones as parcel carriers of the future

Goods delivery by automated or even autonomous drones? What we know at best as a vision from…

Picking type Pick-by-Scan (also Pick-by-PDT)

The picking method Pick-by-Scan is a paperless picking process that is supported by a portable data…

Kanban and swarm intelligence at management level

In manufacturing and industry, a supply concept called Kanban(Japanese for card or sign), invented…

The picking method Pick-by-Vision

Pick-by-Vision is a picking process in which a picker uses data glasses and context-related…

Product Lifecycle Management (PLM)

The term Product Lifecycle Management, PLM for short, describes a holistic approach to pooling…

The control center in intralogistics

The control panel in intralogistics represents a central point of a warehouse management system and…

Replenishment in intralogistics

Replenishment (also referred to as Supply) is an elementary process in today's merchandise…

Augmented Reality in logistics and service

Augmented Reality (AR) describes the computer-aided extension of human perception of reality. From…

Exoskeletons in logistics and production

Exoskeletons, also known as outer skeletons or support robots, are support structures worn on the…

Smart Data

Smart Data stands for the detailed and structured result of an analysis of unstructured data masses…

The Supply Chain Management (SCM)

Supply chain management (SCM) stands for the monitoring process as well as the coordination and…

Logistics – Definition

The term logistics stands for the planning, control and monitoring of the material and immaterial…

Key figure system in intralogistics

Although a complete bundling of all key figures arising in warehouse and distribution systems is…

Effects of shipping options on loyalty to the online store

Buying on the Internet offers almost endless possibilities and shipping options. Whether books,…

Conveying aids in intralogistics

In intralogistics, conveying equipment is used to combine individual goods into larger load units.…

Order picking times – Dead time

Dead time is an unproductive but unavoidable so-called auxiliary time, which arises during picking…

The (hanging) bag sorter

The Pouch sorter / Bag sorter belongs to the category of logistic sorting and distribution systems.…

Order picking – process steps

Picking stands for the combination of predefined orders from a warehouse assortment. The process…

Advantages of RFID technology over barcodes

What advantages does RFID radio technology have over barcodes? This question has also been on the…

The picking travel time

The order-picking way time is the sum of the time required for picking a single order or batch;…

The storage location management

The storage location management ensures that a storage location is recorded or occupied in width,…

Perfect Order Fulfillment

The so-called Perfect Order Fulfillment stands for the perfect degree of fulfillment of the…

The process-oriented warehouse planning

The process-oriented warehouse planning already takes into account in detail key positions relevant…

Last-mile logistics in e-commerce – challenges and solutions

Online commerce has shown considerable growth in the past decades. The B2C sector in particular…

Materials management in production and logistics

Materials management controls the material flow within a company as well as order-related material…

Lean management: the 5S-method

The 5S method originates from Japanese production and was first used by the car manufacturer…

The end of the 6 Rs of logistics? – Part 2

The classic logistics view is limited to the now famous 6 R's with regard to its tasks - as already…

The end of the 6 Rs of logistics? – Part 1

The tasks of logistics and the logistician are memorably explained with the famous 6 Rs. The 6 Rs…

Overview of two-stage picking

In contrast to single-stage picking, with two-stage picking several orders are bundled into one…

Swarm intelligence – What we logisticians can learn from ants – Part I

Surely you use a navigation system. So then you are already relying on the performance of ants and…

Optimization through process chain management

Process chain management serves to organize business processes in intralogistics and other…

Distributed Order Management

Distributed Order Management basically the consideration of all companies involved in an order as…

Vertical integration in the retail sector

Vertical integration stands for retail companies that exert influence over various stages of the…

Inventory costs

Inventory costs are costs that arise from the movement of product goods in the warehouse or…

No-Line Commerce

No-line commerce represents the highest level of development in e-commerce at present. All…

Warehouse functions

Functions of the warehouse

When considering the functions of a warehouse, the purpose of the warehouse arrangement is in the…

Definition – Omni-Channel

Omni-Channel focuses on the further development of multi and cross-channel distribution paths in…

Inventory management in intralogistics, incl. stock and stock reconciliation

Inventory management stands for the complete digital recording of all stock movements in…

Definition – Cross-Channel

Cross-Channel enables a cross-distribution channel purchasing process in which customers combine…

Definition – Multi-Channel

Multi-Channel describes the possibility to offer commerce (B2B and B2C) on several distribution…

Ergonomics in the warehouse

Ergonomics in the warehouse aims at the adaptation and creation of workstations which, taking into…

Reverse logistics

While logistics represents the production route to the customer, reverse logistics, also known as…

E-Commerce: the online marketplace

E-commerce, or electronic commerce, is the term for electronic commerce on the Internet. The…

Specifications and requirement documents in intralogistics

The specification sheet generally contains the project requirements predefined and described in…

Definition – WMS – The Warehouse Management System

The Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an indispensable software for the control and…

CMR: the consignment note

The term CMR comes from the French, Convention relative au Contrat de transport international de…

What can logistics accomplish?

In recent decades, the term "logistics" has developed into a general term. This is a good thing.…

Stock Keeping Unit (SKU)

The acronym SKU, Stock Keeping Unit, describes a clearly identifiable storage unit. A storage unit…

Picking times – base time

In picking, the base time is the time required for picking. It only describes organisational…

What is the logic behind supply chain management?

At the center of managementis the individual as an acting being, as homo agens. In supply chain…

Material flow control as a service for a distribution center

Material flow control, also known as material flow computer or material flow control system (MFCS),…

Cut-off time in intralogistics

In intralogistics, the cut-off time describes the time at which an order must leave the warehouse…

The Newsvendor Model in SCM

Many supply chain management (SCM) approaches can be explained using the Newsvendor Model (NVM).…

Ant algorithm

Function and advantages of the ant algorithm

The Ant Algorithm, also often called Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) in the literature, is an…

The cost of unused opportunities in supply chain management

No company can afford not to have the cost side under control. The figures from financial…

Definition – The Milk Run Concept

The milk run concept is a method for optimizing inter-company procurement logistics, often used in…

The degree of utilisation/the capacity utilisation

The degree of capacity utilisation describes the proportion of the capacity used by…

Buffer line

A buffer section is used to intercept jams within the material flow, to avoid bottlenecks and idle…

Information in intralogistics

Information describes the meaningful content of a message, which is of value for the recipient. The…

Returns processing

Returns handling describes several processes in the return of goodsordered - mostly - online. They…

Storage capacity/storage economy

Storage capacity is defined as the maximum number of loading units that a warehouse can hold. It…

Host system (ERP system)

The host system (usually an ERP system) is a central data processing system that can be accessed…

Definition of order processing in intralogistics

Order processing includes all formal processes such as order transmission, data processing and…

Heijunka lean method

The Japanese lean method Heijunka pushes a production where the production flow of the parts market…

Assortment width and assortment depth

The assortment available in a warehouse and in the retail trade is subdivided into the assortment…

Modularization of materials handling equipment – approach to a standardized system architecture

The current market development shows the following challenges: New component technologies require…

Lean Production

Lean Production describes a method with the goal to react quickly to outside influences on…

The distribution center

A distribution center is an interface in the form of a building complex that functions exclusively…

Order throughput time

When an order is received in a logistics centre, it passes through various processes until it is…

The barcode – EAN, GTIN and GS1 standard

Barcodes have successfully established themselves over other systems in recent years. The barcode…

Temperature-controlled logistics (environmental measurement)

The market for temperature-controlled logistics in particular has been growing in volume over the…

Production management

According to business economist Werner Kern, production management is an operational service…

Defintion and advantages of consignment

The term consignment refers to a form of delivery of goods in which the supplier acts as consignor…

Distance selling contract

A distance contract is a contract concluded between an entrepreneur and a consumer by means of…

Definition of Same Day Delivery

Same Day Delivery means that inventory is delivered on the same day it was ordered. Ordered today,…

Master data

In intralogistics, master data, also known as primary data or reference data, is data that contains…

VDI 3601 – Warehouse Management Systems

In Guideline 3601 - "Warehouse Management Systems", the Association of German Engineers (VDI)…

Batch formation in picking

Batch formation during picking, also known as batch picking or multi-order picking, is a form of…

Storage and retrieval machine

A storage and retrieval machine (SRM) is a storage device with which load units can be stored,…

Definition – Value chain

A value chain describes how value is created through a chain of activities and combined in…

Sorter (Packing) – Basics

After the picking business process, the product is passed on to the sorter (packing department).…

Lean Management

Lean management also has several sub-categories, such as lean thinking, lean production and lean…

Single-stage picking – basics

During picking, a certain quantity of articles is picked from an assortment and put together.…

Definition – Transshipment logistics

Goods handling is a function of intralogistics and takes place between the external goods flow and…

Replenishment – Basics

Before, during or even after the picking business process, goods are often replenished. Managing…

Picking – definition and picking methods

Picking stands for the assembly of goods and merchandise according to specified orders from an…

Overview of common manufacturing principles

Different principles can be applied in manufacturing. Some products are manufactured according to…

Push system and pull system in supply chains

Supply chain management refers to the value chain from the supplier to the end consumer. Depending…

Advance Shipping Notice

An Advance Shipping Notice (ASN), also advice note or avis, is a piece of preliminary information…

Modernization: retrofit in intralogistics

Term retrofit refers to the modernization of machines and equipment. It includes the terms…

Material throughput time

The material throughput time is the time required to run through all business processes, for…

Time strategies: throughput and delivery time reduction

Besides the just-in-time and just-in-sequence methods, other time strategies can be used to ensure…

Mobile and stationary loading units

Loading units are collections of goods that are transported, transhipped or stored as they pass…

Potential analysis in intralogistics

A potential analysis is a comparison of company performance with the given expectations for said…

Performance analysis in logistics

A performance analysis examines various service points in logistics for their contribution to value…

Transport strategies: Overview

Transport strategies are used to execute existing transport orders. Transportation strategies can…

Cycle time procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand.…

Continuous conveyor / discontinuous conveyor

Both the continuous conveyor and the discontinuous conveyor belong to the conveyor technology…

Overview of linear sorter systems

The linear sorter, or shoe sorter, is an automated sorting and distribution system on which the…

Reorder point procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on demand.…

Decision making for discontinuous conveyors

In a transport system that does not convey continuously, the decision as to whether a transport…

Procurement logistics

Logistics encompasses all tasks for planning, controlling, providing and optimizing processes along…

Provisioning procedure

Goods are fed from the main warehouse to the picking area manually, as a precaution or on-demand.…

Basic warehouse planning – actual state analysis and target concept

Once the target has been set, an actual state analysis including the identification of weak points…

Warehouse strategy – LIFO vs FIFO

LIFO (last-in-first-out) and FIFO (first-in-first-out) are two different strategies for storing and…

The Kaizen System

The Kaizen system is a Japanese management system that provides for a continuous improvement…

Kanban system

The Kanban system is a planning system for production control. the Kanban system is often split…

Definition – Automatic small parts warehouse

An "automated small parts warehouse" (AS/RS) is a storage system in which small-volume units such…

Rack zones – bending zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m).…

Rack zones – gripping zone

A rack can be divided into vertical zones based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m).…

Rack zones – viewing zone

A rack can be divided into vertical rack based on the scale of an adult (average size of 1.70 m).…

Cross-docking

There are different types of handling goods in the shipping area. One of these is called…

Just-in-time – Definition

"Just-in-time" refers to a type of delivery in which the required goods are delivered on time and…

Procurement logistics – Just in sequence

"Just in sequence" refers to a type of delivery in which the required goods are delivered to the…

man-to-goods picking

Overview of person-to-goods picking

Person-to-goods picking (also: man-to-goods picking) describes a picking method in which the…

Goods-to-person picking

Overview of goods-to-person picking

Goods-to-person picking (also: goods-to-man picking) describes a picking method in which the…

Single-stage order picking – order-oriented, serial picking

With order-oriented, serial picking, order items are successively processed according to orders.…

Sorter (Packing) – Process steps

The process steps that are carried out in the course of the (sorter) packing process include order…

Sorter – Packaging

Definition of Packing The packaging is the merging of storage units to form a complete unit. In the…

Enterprise Resource Planning System (ERP-System)

Enterprise Resource Planning System (ERP System)

As an application program, an enterprise resource planning system (ERP system) supports all task…

Production data acquisition

Operating data is data from organisational and technical areas of a company. This includes order…

Inventory management

Inventory management refers to the administration, planning and control of material flows within a…

Definition of intralogistics

The term intralogistics was created in 2004 by the "Forum Intralogistics" of the VDMA (German…

The basics of warehouse planning – Determining the objectives

In the past, when planning a warehouse, the main focus was often exclusively on the resulting costs…

The importance of material flow

According to VDI, "material flow" is the interlinking of all processes involved in extracting,…

Transport management – The material flow computer

The material flow computer calculates the fastest route through the materials handling equipment…

The manual sort order fulfilment

Manual Sort Order Fulfilment (MSF) is a software-supported, manual sorting system. The basis is a…

Single-stage picking without IT system support

Picking without IT system support requires a manageable assortment of articles, which is clearly…

Storage location management – The importance of EDP in warehouse organization

In modern warehouses with a certain amount of goods, the warehouse processes are usually…

The evolution of warehouse management

The evolution of warehouse management

Warehouse management has undergone a tremendous development from its beginnings until today.…

Definition of business processes

Business processes can be used to visualize business-relevant procedures of a company. A task that…

Definition – Contract logistics

Logistics includes all tasks for planning, controlling, providing and optimizing processes along…

Application of a storage location management solution

With a growing warehouse, usually not only the number of articles increases, but often a dynamic in…

The definition of the term “Storage”

The storage process can be divided into further sub-processes for better comprehension. On the…

External storage

In the case of external storage, storage takes place outside the company. The counterpart is the…

Definition – Webshop

A web store (also online store, e-shop) can be described as a sales and communication-oriented…

Integration of stationary trade into the value chain of e-commerce

In recent years, the integration of stationary trade into the value chain of e-commerce has become…

Definition of the barcode

Encoded information can be stored in many different ways. In addition to mechanical, magnetic and…

Inventory management – Order processing: Dispatching order data

When new order data is received from the commercial system, the order information (header / item…

Definition of transport logistics

Logistics comprises all tasks for planning, controlling, providing and optimizing processes along…

The modern material flow control

The Material Flow Control System (MFCS) or the Material Flow Computer (MFC) is very often described…

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